Study Skills for International Students written by. Thomas Harboe &. Rikke von Müllen. The Teaching and Learning Unit of Social Sciences. Published We can describe study skills as “learning how to become a more effective learner ”. 'spoken' PDF files – there are various app available for this purpose. Make a timetable/Schedule – have specific time to study. ✓ Be flexible – allow for downtime. ✓ Work when you work best – Construct it to your schedule the best.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|Genre:||Business & Career|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
1. A Practical Guide to Study Skills. Like most of you, I had never been taught the best way to study. I am writing this chapter because I want studying to be less. Study skills, academic skill, or study strategies are approaches applied to learning. They are .. osakeya.info osakeya.info Archived March 19, , at the Wayback Machine; ^ Preston, Rah. At University you will be expected to be an independent learner. Therefore, it is advisable to think carefully about your learning style and how best you can use.
Educators such as John Dewey have argued that students need to learn critical thinking — questioning and weighing up evidence as they learn. This can be done during lectures or when reading books. A method that is useful during the first interaction with the subject of study is REAP method.
This method helps students to improve their understanding of the text and bridge the idea with that of the author's.
Encode: Paraphrasing the idea from the author's perspective to the student's own words. Annotate: Annotating the section with critical understanding and other relevant notes. Ponder: To ponder about what they read through thinking, discussing with others and reading related materials. Thus it allows possibility of elaboration and fulfillment of zone of proximal development.
Annotating and Encoding helps the student reprocess the content into concise and coherent knowledge which adds a meaningful symbolic fund of knowledge. Precise annotation, Organizing question annotation, Intentional annotation and Probe annotation are some of the annotation methods used.
Question: The student formulates questions to be answered following a thorough examination of the topic s. Read: The student reads through the related material, focusing on the information that best relates to the questions formulated earlier.
Summary: The student summarizes the topic, bringing his or her own understanding into the process. This may include written notes, spider diagrams, flow diagrams, labeled diagrams, mnemonics , or even voice recordings. Test: The student answers the questions drafted earlier, avoiding adding any questions that might distract or change the subject.
There are a variety of studies from different colleges nationwide that show peer-communication can help increase better study habits tremendously. Flashcard training[ edit ] Flashcards are visual cues on cards. These have numerous uses in teaching and learning, but can be used for revision. Students often make their own flashcards , or more detailed index cards — cards designed for filing, often A5 size, on which short summaries are written.
Being discrete and separate, they have the advantage of allowing students to re-order them, pick a selection to read over, or choose randomly for self-testing. Software equivalents can be used.
These have numerous uses in teaching and learning, but can be used for revision. Students often make their own flashcards , or more detailed index cards — cards designed for filing, often A5 size, on which short summaries are written. Being discrete and separate, they have the advantage of allowing students to re-order them, pick a selection to read over, or choose randomly for self-testing.
Software equivalents can be used. Summary methods vary depending on the topic, but most involve condensing the large amount of information from a course or book into shorter notes. Often, these notes are then condensed further into key facts.
Organized summaries: Such as outlines showing keywords and definitions and relations, usually in a tree structure. Spider diagrams: Using spider diagrams or mind maps can be an effective way of linking concepts together.
They can be useful for planning essays and essay responses in exams. These tools can give a visual summary of a topic that preserves its logical structure, with lines used to show how different parts link together.
Some learners are thought to have a visual learning style , and will benefit greatly from taking information from their studies which are often heavily verbal, and using visual techniques to help encode and retain it in memory. Some memory techniques make use of visual memory, for example the method of loci , a system of visualising key information in real physical locations e. Diagrams are often underrated tools.
They can also aid the recall of information learned very quickly, particularly if the student made the diagram while studying the information. Pictures can then be transferred to flashcards that are very effective last-minute revision tools rather than rereading any written material. A mnemonic is a method of organizing and memorizing information.
Some use a simple phrase or fact as a trigger for a longer list of information. For example, the cardinal points of the compass can be recalled in the correct order with the phrase " N ever E at S hredded W heat". Starting with North , the first letter of each word relates to a compass point in clockwise order round a compass.
The Black-Red-Green method developed through the Royal Literary Fund helps the student to ensure that every aspect of the question posed has been considered, both in exams and essays.
RE d is a RE ference Point or RE quired input of some kind, usually to do with definitions, terms, cited authors, theory, etc. Another popular method whilst studying is to P. Many Schools will encourage practicing the P. BEing method prior to an exam. Spacing , also called distributed learning by some; helps individuals remember at least as much if not more information for a longer period of time than using only one study skill.
Using spacing in addition to other study methods can improve retention and performance on tests. Studying will not last longer than it would have originally and one is not working harder but this tool gives the user the ability to remember and recall things for a longer time period.
Often, improvements to the effectiveness of study may be achieved through changes to things unrelated to the study material itself, such as time-management , boosting motivation and avoiding procrastination , and in improvements to sleep and diet.
Time management in study sessions aims to ensure that activities that achieve the greatest benefit are given the greatest focus. A traffic lights system is a simple way of identifying the importance of information, highlighting or underlining information in colours:. This reminds students to start with the things which will provide the quickest benefit, while 'red' topics are only dealt with if time allows.
The concept is similar to the ABC analysis , commonly used by workers to help prioritize. These notes will help you grasp the essentials of commonly-used techniques in academic study.
You can add your own notes and live hyperlinks to personalise your eBook and make it even more interactive. Amazingly good value! He was originally an industrial designer, then went on to lecture on literary studies at Manchester University and the Open University.
He publishes a monthly newsletter on writing, culture, and technology, and is the director of Mantex Information Design. Questions and Answers on our products.
You can make this download via PayPal — using either a PayPal account or a credit card. Both types of transaction are completely secure. Ideas for reducing stress and creating more free time. Reading skills Choose your style of reading to suit the task. Recognising different types of books.
Techniques for more effective reading. Concentration Develop your powers of concentration by regular practice in easy stages and use of task-switching. Memory How to use mind maps, mnemonics, visual aids, and good notes to aid your memory. Taking notes How to use abbreviations, diagrams, and good visual layout to write less and record more.
Notes from lectures and reading. The importance of sources. Sample lecture notes. Generating ideas How to brainstorm a topic and create the ideas for your assignment. Free thinking and capturing data.