Ayyappa history ayyappa swamy history PDF Book Download Telugu Ayyappa swamy Information in telugu Ayyappa Swamy Charitra Ayyappa. Lord Shree Ayyappan of Sabarimala in Kerala and the procedure of visiting the hill temple is explained in the pages. (Ayyappan), which is nothing but a two-way bridge between Saguna and Nirguna . . examine the historical evolution of the concept, through various temples.
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Ayyappan (Sanskrit: अय्यप्पन्) is the Hindu god of growth, particularly popular in Kerala. Ayyappan may share a historical relationship with the Tamil deity Aiyanar. . of Hindus every year, particularly of Malayali, Tamil and Telugu heritage. The pilgrims call each other by the same name during the trek: swami . Maalikapurathamma is the goddess who is worshipped in a subsidiary shrine at Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple. Maalikapurathamma Temple is visited after. The Sabarimala temple is a temple complex located at Sabarimala inside the Periyar Tiger The temple is dedicated to the Hindu celibate deity Ayyappan also known as Dharma As per the temple history, the Sastha temple at Sabarimala is one of the five Sastha temples founded by Parasurama. .. of " (PDF).
Maalikapurathamma Mahishi is the sister of Mahishasura , who was the daughter of the sage Galvan. A student of Galvan's cursed Mahishi, turning her into a buffalo-headed demon. The demon was killed by Ayyappa , ending the curse and changing her into a beautiful woman.
She wanted to marry Ayyappa, but Ayyappa was a Brahmachari. He asked her to reside near his temple in Sabarimala.
Her temple in time came to be known as Maalikapurathamma Temple. Ayyappa also told her that he would marry her when first timer kanni Ayyappa does not comes to sabarimala Ayappa knows all year new kanni ayappa comes to sabarimala for darshan. Malikapuram Temple is situated on a small hill just meters away from Sabarimala.
According to legend, Malikapuram temple is the place where the demon Mahishi rests in eternal wait.
The temple of Malikappurath Amma , whose importance is almost in par with Lord Ayyappan , is located few yards from Sannidhanam. It is believed that the Lord Ayyapan had specific instructions that he wanted Malikappurath Amma , on his left side.
Prior to the fire disaster, there was only a Peeda Prathishta holy seat at Malikappuram. Now the idol is covered with a gold Golaka. The temple also was reconstructed in the last decade and now the conical roof and sopanam is covered with gold. Of the two coconuts in the "Pin Kettu" of the Irumudi kettu, One is broken at the Pampa River and another coconut is to offer to the Malikapurathamma.
The turmeric powder in the Irumudi kettu is also offered to the Malikapurathamma  Thengai urutt rolling of Coconut is another major ritual which is performed in this temple. The Pathinettu thripadikal or the 18 sacred steps is the main stairway to the temple. As per the custom followed, no pilgrim without "Irumudikkettu" can ascend the 18 sacred steps. In , the 18 steps were covered by Panchaloha.
The northern gate is open for those who do not carry an "Irumudikkettu", as observed in the Kerala High Court judgment of The temples of Lord Ayyappan's trusted lieutenants Karuppu Sami and Kadutha Swami are positioned as his guards at the foot of the holy 18 sacred steps.
The temple of Maalikapurathamma , whose importance is almost in par with Lord Ayyappa, [ citation needed ] is located few yards from Sannidhanam. It is believed that the Lord Ayyapan had specific instructions that he wanted Malikappurath Amma , on his left side.
Prior to the fire disaster, there was only a Peeda Prathishta holy seat at Malikappuram. Now the idol is covered with a gold Golaka. The temple also was reconstructed in the last decade and now the conical roof and sopanam is covered with gold. Manimandapam , is the place where Ayyappan Jeeva samadhi[Arya kerala jeevasamadhi]. The Nilakal Mahadeva temple and Palliyara Bhagavathi temple is as old as the Sastha temple and the deities are worshiped as the parents of Lord Ayyappa.
Sabari Peedam has a temple of Rama and Hanuman also. The prasadam at Sabarimala temple is Aravana payasam and Appam. These are prepared by using rice, ghee , sugar, jaggery etc. The rice needed to prepare the prasadam at Sabarimala temple is supplied by Chettikulangara Devi Temple , the second largest temple under the Travancore Devaswom Board situated at Mavelikkara.
The Chief Commissioner, Travancore Devaswom Board said that the board has appointed Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore as a consultant for providing technical guidance to ensure the quality of Aravana, Appam and other prasadam preparations at Sabarimala temple. Harivarasanam is recited before closing the temple door every night. The Harivarasanam prayer, which is sung at Sabarimala is a Urakkupattu. It is said that Srinivasa Iyer used to recite the composition after the Athazha Puja , standing in front of the shrine of Ayyappa in the main temple.
With the efforts of Swami Vimochanananda, it came to be accepted as the lullaby by the Tantri and Melshanthi. The composition has letters, words in 32 lines in 8 stanzas. Though there have been many versions of this song sung by many renowned vocalists, the temple plays the rendition by K.
Yesudas , composed by the renowned music director G. Devarajan , which is in the Madhyamavathi raga of Indian Carnatic music. This significant ritual involves pouring sacred ghee brought by pilgrims in their Pallikettu or Irumudi a two compartment bag made of handwoven cotton cloth used to carry the offerings for Sabarimala Temple carried on their heads on the idol of Lord Ayyappa.
It symbolically means the merging of Jeevatma with the Paramatma. While a red-colored irumudi is used by a pilgrim on his first journey as a Kanni Ayyappan to Sabarimala, others use navy blue till third year and thereafter saffron colored irumudi. Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana met Sabari , a tribal devotee, at Sabarimala. Sabari offered the Lord fruits after tasting them.
But the Lord accepted them gladly and whole-heartedly. The Lord then saw a divine person doing tapasya. He asked Sabari who it was. Sabari said it was Shasta. Rama walked towards him. Shasta stood up and welcomed the Prince of Ayodhya.
The anniversary of this incident is celebrated on Makara Vilakku day. It is believed that on Makara Vilakku day, Lord Dharmashasta stops his tapasya to bless his devotees. The day is also called Makara Shankranthi. Tat Tvam Asi , the 3rd of four Mahavakyas which in sanskrit translates to "Thou Art That" is the principle philosophy that governs the temple and pilgrimage.
As the pilgrimage is symbolic for the journey to self-realization that all living beings possess the essence of Brahman, pilgrims refer to each other as Swami , acknowledging their divinity.
It means, in short, you are part of the Paramatma which is the quintessence of Advaita philosophy. The customs of the pilgrims to Sabarimala are based on five worshipping methods; those of Shaivites, Shaktists and Vaishnavites.
At first, there were three sections of devotees — the devotees of Shakti who used meet to worship their deity [ citation needed ] , the devotees of Vishnu who followed strict penance and continence, and the devotees of Shiva who partly followed these two methods.
Another name of Ayyappa is Sastha.
All these can be seen merged into the beliefs of pilgrims to Sabarimala. The chain the pilgrims wear comes from the Rudraksha chain of the Shaivites. The strict fasting, penance and continence is taken out of the beliefs of the Vaishnavites. The offering of tobacco to Kaduthaswamy can be considered to be taken from the Shaktists. The devotees are expected to follow a Vratham day austerity period prior to the pilgrimage.
During the 41 days of Vratham, the devotee who has taken the vow, is required to strictly follow the rules that include follow only a lacto-vegetarian diet In India, vegetarianism is synonymous with lacto-vegetarianism , follow celibacy , follow teetotalism , not use any profanity and have to control the anger, allow the hair and nails to grow without cutting.
They must try their maximum to help others, and see everything around them as lord Ayyappa. They are expected to bath twice in a day and visit the local temples regularly and only wear plain black or blue coloured traditional clothing. The Erumely route starts from Erumely to Aludha river, then crosses the Aludha mountain to reach Karivilam thodu.
Now comes the sacred Karimala crossing, from there to Cheriyanavattom, Valliyanavattom and finally Pamba River.
Then comes the Aranmula kottaram , which is one of the stops of holy journey Thiruvabharana Ghoshayatra the grand procession of the divine jewelry. These days people use vehicles to reach the Pamba River by an alternate route.
This route is now highly developed, with emergency shops and medical aid by the sides, and supporting aid is provided to the pilgrims while climbing the steep slope, which used to be a mere trail through dense jungle. The elderly pilgrims are lifted by men on bamboo chairs till the top, on being paid. According to the Memoir of the Survey of the Travancore and Cochin States , published in two volumes by the Madras government in the 19th century, women of menstruating age were denied entry into the Sabarimala temple two centuries ago.
Though the authors, lieutenants of the Madras Infantry, completed the survey by the end of the year after nearly five years of research, it was published in two volumes only in and Women pilgrims below the age of 50 would visit the temple to conduct the first rice-feeding ceremony of their children Chorroonu in the temple premises.
In , Justices K. Paripoornan and K.
Balanarayana Marar of the Kerala High Court , in their ruling against the Travancore Devaswom Board , restricted the entry of women between ages 10 and 50 from offering worship at the temple, stating that such a restriction was in accordance with the usage prevalent from time immemorial. On 28 September , the Supreme Court of India , in a majority decision, overturned the ban on the entry of women.
Chandrachud stated that the ban "stigamatises" and "stereotypes" women, while "placing the burden of men's celibacy " on them.
This led to protests at Nilakkal and Pamba base camps on 17 October , when the temple was opened for the first time after the Supreme Court verdict. Protesters assaulted women journalists, stole their camera equipment, and damaged a vehicle. The police were also attacked. A number of women were among the protesters, checking cars to see if they contained women of menstruating age and helping with the road blocks. On 26 December Devotees conducted 'Ayyappa Jyothi' lighting diya or lamp all across The State of Kerala against young women's entry to temple.
Millions joined in the event. Even other religious groups supported the cause of devotees. Prominent Jain Acharya Yugbhushan Suri Maharaj, also known as Pandit Maharaj, has said that sanctity was a religious issue and that it was connected to fundamental religious rights.
This should be respected. I am not against the judiciary or the Supreme Court, but they should not overlook the belief of the people. Two women of menstruating age attempted to enter the temple on 19 October but were blocked by protesters about m away. After the Thantri threatened to close the sanctum sanctorum if the women attempted to ascend the 18 sacred steps, they turned back. On 2 January at 3: Thereafter, priests closed the temple for one hour to ritually purify it.
Administration and legal duties is managed by Travancore Devasvom Board , an affiliate authority of Government of Kerala. Thazhamon Madom is the traditional priest family who has powers over the religious matters to be decided in Sabarimala Temple. Tantri is the highest priest and is the head of the temple. It's the duty of the family to decide on religious matters relating to Sabarimala shrine.
Tantris are to be present in all ceremonial Poojas and functions to be held at temple premises and functions associated with temple. The installation of idols of the temple was also done by Tantri of this family.
The waste disposed by the devotees to Sabarimala is threatening the wildlife of the region    and the evergreen forests. High Court of Kerala has directed that 'Irumudikkettu' should not contain plastic materials.
Some of the salient aspects of " Punyam Poonkavanam " project includes: