PDF | On Mar 1, , Reviewed by Sorin Adam Matei and others published A Review of “Cognitive Surplus”. Cognitive Surplus: How Technology Makes. Consumers into Collaborators. New York: Penguin Press,. p. Index and notes. $ In his book, Here. Cognitive Surplus: Creativity and Generosity in a Connected Age by Clay Shirky. New York: Penguin Press, pages. Hardcover: $ REVIEWED.
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Cognitive Surplus: How Technology Makes Consumers into Collaborators [Clay Shirky] on osakeya.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The author of the. Abstract. In an increasingly connected world, can the cognitive surplus of the . osakeya.info “SOCIETIES Paper Trial. 6 days ago Cognitive Surplus Creativity And Generosity In A Connected Age Clay Shirky [ PDF] [EPUB] Clay. Shirky (born ) is an American writer.
He has consulted with a variety of Fortune companies working on network design, including Nokia, Lego, the… More about Clay Shirky.
Join Reader Rewards and earn your way to a free book! Join Reader Rewards and earn points when you download this book from your favorite retailer. Management Technology Category: Management Technology. Paperback —. download the Ebook: Add to Cart. About Cognitive Surplus The author of the breakout hit Here Comes Everybody reveals how new technology is changing us for the better.
Also by Clay Shirky. The narrative about the drought-stricken pools proved an important point: He goes on to discuss the Ultimatum game , in which a proposer and responder are given the task of splitting ten dollars.
According to behavioral economics , proposers should always propose a split that heavily favors them and the responder should always accept it, because no matter how small their share is, there is still a gain. In practice, however, proposers tend to offer fair deals and responders tend to reject unfair proposals.
On some level, we always feel we are in a social situation and will either treat each other fairly or punish those who do not. According to Shirky, this is why what he describes as the Public sector is so popular; it is designed to enrich society without any monetary incentive.
There are no gatekeepers on the Internet ; innovation is actively encouraged and younger generations in a changing environment can find their voice there. The first section of the chapter discusses an experiment that appeared in a paper published in the Journal of Legal Studies , written by Uri Gneezy and Aldo Rustichini. The experiment demonstrates the backfiring of an attempt to regulate group collaboration; when attempting to do so by ascribing monetary values to people's time, a community will then begin to view people who provide services as the service itself rather than as individuals.
This emphasizes Shirky's point that group collaboration is essential to its prosperity and functionality.
Another example he uses is The Invisible College , an example of collaboration that resulted in a monumental scientific advancements because of the sense of a shared purpose. Unlike the alchemists of their time, The Invisible College shared information with each other in order to further the field rather than claim individual advancements as their own.
Later Shirky emphasizes the sense of belonging that is an intricate part of this group culture. In his brain surgeon analogy he discusses the values of a professional versus an amateur , and that while in the case of the brain surgeon people prefer the professional, this is not always the case; for instance, in cases such as food critics, people tend to prefer an outlet where ordinary people give their opinions. He likens to the distinction between the services offered by a prostitute professional at their craft versus the intimacy between partners, demonstrating that a sense of belonging is often held in a higher regard than skill.
This sense of belonging opens up a new discussion with the example of patientslikeme.
Furthermore, it allows researchers to collaborate with patients. Thus demonstrating that social media platforms can be used to enhance this nature of belonging in culture, but can also produce real civic value. In the sixth chapter, Shirky outlines the variations in the forms of sharing and the types of value that result. He argues that there are four main values: Personal value deals with the efforts of singular agents sharing ideas on a whim.
Communal value is sharing in a small group that serves the interests of the group members collaborating. Public value deals with groups that share in order to produce projects that serve people outside of the group.
Civic value is when groups collaborate on a project that serves to benefit society at large. Point being that value is determined on who is involved and the intended benefactors of their efforts and level of cooperation that is upheld amongst the group, and that ultimately cognitive surplus is the driving factor behind such efforts. The impact of the efforts can be as minuscule personal as sharing a selfie with the world, to Hashtags that are created to garner large followings and support to the issues that can change the world.
In the seventh and final chapter, Shirky starts to work towards his conclusion of how his novel is a resource and how society may utilize it.
He references the happenings of the Post-World War II era and the resulting transformation that society endured. Shirky states that there is a paradox in revolution in which is the result of someone being able to change the future of a previously-existing society. He also shares with his readers that SixDegrees was the first social networking website, not Facebook and Friendster as everyone had previously thought. The negative criticisms largely address the issue of negative uses of cognitive surplus.
The main criticism of Shirky is that he is not realistic about the many possible ways we might waste this cognitive surplus, or worse, the many terrible ways it can and is being used for destructive and criminal activities, for example the global Jihadist movement.
He shows us effectively that we can not only make better use of our time, but also, that technology enables us to do so in a way that maximizes our ability to share and communicate. One critic Russell Davies writes, "There are revealing thoughts in every chapter and they're particularly important for people trying to do business on the internet, because they shed light on some fundamental motivations and forces that we often miss or misconstrue,".
The academic research that shapes some of its assumptions and conclusions is well translated in everyday language,"  Davies describes Shirky as "the best and most helpful writer about the internet and society there is. We often take it to be a commercial, public media space and we always seem to be looking for another small group of professionals out there to deal with - but it's not just that.
Things that are perfectly appropriate in public media just don't work in personal media. You wouldn't steam open people's letters and insert magazines ads, but that's sometimes how we seem to behave. His approach has been criticized by Farhad Manjoo in The New York Times for being too academic and for cheerleading positive examples of the online use of cognitive surplus.
Furthermore, he questions the intrinsic value of time spent online as a lot of time spent online may be used for things like gambling and porn.
There's nothing innately compassionate or generous about the web. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Nina Simon Nina Simon nina museumtwo. Search for more papers by this author.
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