Static Image and Motion. Like a painting, the static image of the frame presents inherent storytelling opportunities. Because a movie is a motion picture, the. medium could do, they focused on the storytelling potentiaI of editing. . The question is met with a sweeping cinematic montage that immediately sets up tone . Cinematic Storytelling. Manipulates emotion. Reveals plot and character. Movies are mostly about “story”. Source of media story conventions. 1.
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is handout is a compilation of notes from the timeless book Cinematic Storytelling : e Most Powerful Film Conventions Every Filmmaker Must Know by. Cinematic Storytelling - [Free] Cinematic Storytelling [PDF] [EPUB] This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Cinematic. Read Cinematic Storytelling: The Most Powerful Film Conventions Every Filmmaker Must Know book reviews & author details and more at osakeya.info
Jennifer offers you non-dialogue techniques to convey ideas in film. She teaches screenwriting at San Francisco State. Can you hook me up?
Hehehe …. In , she won the Panavision New Filmmaker Award. Get this — Section 1 the first 16 pages of her book are available for free in.
There are about pages in all. She explains things that should be common knowledge for every screenwriter — 2-D Space: First, this sequence is just plain fun. I love it. Consider how much information we learn about these two characters just by looking at their shoes and pants. One is a bit of a dandy with his two-tone shoes and fancy pants and the other has an every-man quality to him with his conservative lace-ups.
Also, notice how the protagonist walks from left-to-right on the screen and the antagonist walks from right-to-left. To quote Jennifer:. As Westerners we read left-to-right. Subconsciously, we begin to make positive inferences.
Conversely, the antagonist usually enters from the right. The screenwriter exploits this by transferring our learned discomfort to the character.
The subtle irritant directs the audiences to see the character negatively. In the same way, we code a black hat as a negative symbol, we can also code screen direction negatively.
Van Sijll's format and logical development in the course of the diversified components of movie, from body composition to destinations and lights, are effortless to keep on with and nearly Zen-like of their simplicity. You'll locate that after you take a seat to write down, you'll try to positioned these components into your script with quite a few well-chosen phrases so to not glance as though you're attempting to direct. There are not any workouts or homework and there's no normal layout details or recommendation on what the newest trick is to get your script obvious.
After every one bankruptcy, Van Sijll inserts a "Chapter credit through movie Element" index the place you'll discover a section on each one movie she's highlighted. It's an unconventional scriptwriting publication, needless to say, and positively worthy trying out. Van Sijll teaches at San Francisco nation college, holds seminars, and likewise works as a script analyst for manufacturers. I loved this e-book completely.
Twenty years pass.
Camera Lenses Wide-Angle lens or zoomed out : delivers great depth-of- eld to an image. Each character can inhabit own horizontal plane. Ex: Citizen Kane ashback: three planes: mother signing, father looking angry, Kane playing and literally placed outside the decision making. Movements toward or away from camera seem exaggerated. Wide-Angle Vistas and Establishing Shots : naturally suited for exterior shots.
Able to place huge distance between objects to mirror state of relationship. Telephoto or zoomed in : Compresses space, making objects appear in same plane. Shallow depth-of- eld throws objects out of focus. Ex: e Graduate race against clock. Running doesnt seem to gain him distance, creating suspense.
Fisheye: e shorter the focal length, the more linear distortion. Objects: Shooting through stained glass or water alters photographic properties. Close shot may refer to person or object.
Close-up usually refers to a person.
Extreme Close-Up ECU : Draws attention to an object by making it larger-than-life, such as an eye, bullet, or other detail. Over-the-Shoulder OTS : Camera is placed behind the shoulder of a character, and their head and shoulders are seen in the foreground and used as a framing device.
Most oen a second character is the subject of interest. OTS can suggest relationship: tension, intimacy, desire, hatred, imprisonment, conspiracy. Ex: e Piano: object of her attention is piano le behind on the beach. What is exaggerated is the physical distance between them.
Gives exaggerated sense of intimacy with the character. Translates to sympathy of fear, depending on whose POV we are experiencing. It should not be randomly used. Ex: Halloween: By coding the character with a unique camera shot, John Carpenter was able to ashforward een years and immediately re-establish the characters identity without dialog or any other visual assistance.
High-Angle: camera is placed above a subject with lens pointing down. Makes the subject appear small and vulnerable. Low-Angle: camera is placed below the subject and lens is pointing up. Subject appears largerthan-life. Transfers power to the subject, making it appear to dominate.
Ex: ET: view of tall redwoods and trucks contributes to our sense of ETs vulnerability. Camera Motion Static shot: locked down on tripod. Stillness makes it easy to compare similar shots.
Handheld: the bumpier the shot, the more instability can be suggested. Oen exaggerated by juxtaposing with smooth or locked down shot.
Pan: Camera pivots along horizontal plane. Ex: Dances with Wolves opening. Seeing the primitive instruments through Dunbars POV, we understand his decision not to have the amputation. Directs attention to details that audience may not otherwise notice. Ex: Revealing a new heroic or sexy character. Rotation: Disorienting eect. Works as a metaphor characterizing tone of the sequence. Rotation indicates changeover from normal to surreal. Tracking: camera is mounted on dolly and glides along tracks, which can form a linear or curved pattern.
Ex: American Beauty opening tracking shot of jury as a reveal. Fatal Attraction: reveals two faces of Dans character. Camera movement parallels outer and inner self. Ex: Reservoir Dogs: despite giving us feeling of having insider knowledge through circular tracking, we actually have completely misread the scene.
Oen used in combination to get in and out of locations or for dramatic comparison. Crane: High-angle can create omniscient quality. Eortless ability to reveal secrets and pertinent events. Steadicam: Dream like oating quality. Ex: Goodfellas; Rocky stairs scene; e Shining. Lighting Rembrandt Lighting: intentionally contrasts light and dark. High contrast lighting chiaroscuro is oen reserved for lm noir or pivotal scenes expressing key philosophical questions of good and evil, life and death.
TV Lighting: or Sitcom lighting, is conventionally bright, at, and shadowless. Ex: Natural Born Killers ashback: takes a known medium and turns it upside down.
Candlelight: atters the face, smoothes the skins, adds a warm tone. Suggests romance, festivities, harmony, pre-twentieth century. Ex: American Beauty dinner scene: exploits properties associated with candlelight to show how far from idealized life the family has traveled. Motivated Lighting: refers to any light that would naturally exist in the world depicted in the frame. Unmotivated Light: e source of light cannot be logically explained, but can put a spotlight on an important element, or give the scene a religious quality.
Ex: e Professional peephole scene: Charactering a professional assassin as a positive moral force is a dicult job. Motion: Ex: ET: moving light represents an approaching antagonist.
Psycho: fear stems from being disoriented. When we rst see the swinging light bulb, we dont know what were seeing. Props Props: Externalizes character or represents important ideas in the movie, and each can be returned to. Ex: Barton Fink squeaky bed, sealed window, typewriter, paper pad, pencil, postcard. Raging Bull: when his paranoia is set o, TV goes haywire to illustrate changing mental state.
Repurposing Props: Change can be shown through recurring props, and we can measure where we are in a lm by the changes in the meaning of the prop. Mining props from earlier scenes is powerful. Ex: Bound: garden clippers used to punish, threaten, and then escape, representing shi in power. Ex: Out of Africa closing: removes white gloves from servant Juma. Coding Character: Used to identify characters persona.
Ex: wardrobe colors in ree Women: Later used to externalize the of another characters persona. Ex: Bound professions: earrings for seduction vs earrings as functional silver lockpicks.