Color Atlas of Anatomy. Johannes osakeya.info Chihiro Yokochi. Elke Lütjen- Drecoll. A Photographic Study of the Human Body. Seventh Edition. Anatomia Color Atlas and Textbook of Human Anatomy Volume 3 Thieme. pdf. Pages·· MB·5, Downloads. Leonhardt. Kahle, Color Atlas . PDF | On Jan 1, , Marijana Lisak and others published Color Atlas of Human Anatomy. Volume 1: Locomotor System.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Dutch|
|Genre:||Business & Career|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
Veja grátis o arquivo Human Anatomy, Color Atlas and osakeya.info download ( osakeya.info) enviado para a disciplina de Anatomia Categoria: Outros. Veja grátis o arquivo Human Anatomy, Color Atlas and osakeya.info download ( osakeya.info) enviado para a disciplina de Anatomia Categoria: Outros - Veja grátis o arquivo Human Anatomy, Color Atlas and osakeya.info download ( osakeya.info) enviado para a disciplina de Anatomia Categoria: Outros - 4.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the Publishers.
You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier homepage http: Standard safety precautions must be followed, but as new research and clinical experience broaden our knowledge, changes in treatment and drug therapy may become necessary or appropriate. Readers are advised to check the most current product information provided by the manufacturer of each drug to be administered to verify the recommended dose, the method and duration of administration, and contraindications.
It is the responsibility of the practitioner, relying on experience and knowledge of the patient, to deter- mine dosages and the best treatment for each individual patient.
The Publisher Printed in Spain Last digit is the print number: Typically the illustra- tions and text are grouped together on the left and right sides of self-contained spreads, making for easy cross-reference.
In addition, all the diagrams accompanying the dis- sections have been checked and, where necessary, amended to improve clarity and accuracy. Several free-standing diagrams, including those illustrating dermatomes, have been redrawn. The introductory pages for the chapters on the abdomen and back have been expanded and improved.
In many institutions changing educational approaches have resulted in the phasing out of traditional topographical anatomy courses that included dissection. In their place have appeared integrated courses which incorporate imaging and clinical ana- tomical relevance. We have responded to this trend by enhancing the radiographic content; for example, in the observation skills pages for the upper and lower limbs scans are accompanied by corresponding cadaver sections.
New chest radiographs appear in the thorax chapter and several radiographs have been replaced by higher quality images. New material describing clinical corre- lations has been integrated throughout the text and none of the anatomical content of the fourth edition has been deleted.
The terminology conforms to the internationally agreed Termino- logia Anatomica. Harris and A.
Our families deserve a special mention, as without their untiring support and patience these editions would certainly not have come to publication. We thank them all. With a unique combination of photographs of dissections, accompany- ing diagrams and concise text, this volume aims to provide the student with a better understanding of human anatomy.
These are named the external, the internal and the innermost intercostal muscles. The muscle extends from the tubercle of the rib posteriorly to the junction of the rib and its costal cartilage anteriorly. Internal intercostal muscles The internal intercostal muscles Fig.
Anteri- orly, each muscle continues between the costal cartilages to reach the lateral border of the sternum Fig. Posteriorly, each muscle extends only to the angles of the ribs, where it is replaced by the internal intercostal membrane, which continues as far as the tubercles of the ribs. They form the lateral part of an incomplete layer of muscle which includes the transversus thoracis sterno- costalis anteriorly Fig.
The innermost intercostal muscles connect the inner surface of each rib to that of its neighbours. Nerve supply All the intercostal muscles in a particular intercostal space are supplied by the corresponding intercostal nerve.
Actions Although the main role of the intercostal muscles is in ventilation of the lungs, it must be emphasized that during normal, quiet breathing the muscles of the thoracic wall make only a small contribution. Inspiration is usually brought about mainly by the diaphragm, whose descent increases the vertical diameter of the thorax.
The transverse and anteroposterior diameters of the thorax are increased, especially in deep inspiration, by the external inter- costal muscles, which incline the ribs outwards, upwards and forwards so that the intercostal spaces are widened. However, the internal intercostal muscles contribute to forced expiration by drawing the ribs down- wards and inwards, thereby narrowing the intercostal spaces.
Intercostal vessels and nerves Each intercostal space has a principal artery, vein and nerve, which collectively form the neurovascular bundle Fig. This bundle lies in the neurovascular plane between the internal and innermost intercostal muscles and runs along the upper part of the intercostal space, occupying the costal groove of the rib.
Usually, the vein lies superiorly and the nerve inferiorly in the bundle.