Captain America is the name of several comic book titles featuring the character Captain America and published by Marvel Comics, beginning with the original. Captain America is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by cartoonists Joe Simon and Jack Kirby, the. See Also See: The Captain America Comic Books Category for a complete list., See: Captain America for all the variations of the subject on the site., See.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|Genre:||Academic & Education|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
Captain America Comics were printed up to issue #75, but by then it had become a horror book and soon ended. Captain America was revived by one of his. CAPTAIN AMERICA's MCU story may be done for now, but here are ten great tales from comic books to scratch your Steve Rogers itch. Steve Rogers was a product of World War II-era American ingenuity and enthusiasm, carrying those ideals into the 21st Century as Captain America. With Cap's.
The success of the program leaves Erskine wondering about replicating the experiment on other human beings. While in the original material Rogers is shown receiving injections of the Super-Serum, when the origin was retold in the s, the Comic Code Authority had already put a veto over graphic description of drug intake and abuse, and thus the Super-Serum was retconned into an oral formula.
Erskine refused to write down every crucial element of the treatment, leaving behind a flawed, imperfect knowledge of the steps. Captain America, in his first act after his transformation, avenges Erskine.
In the origin story and in Tales of Suspense 63, Kruger dies when running into machinery but is not killed by Rogers; in the Captain America and revisions, Rogers causes the spy's death by punching him into machinery. Unable to create new Super-Soldiers and willing to hide the Project Rebirth fiasco, the American government casts Rogers as a patriotic superhero, able to counter the menace of the Red Skull as a counter-intelligence agent.
He is supplied with a patriotic uniform of his own design,  a bulletproof shield, a personal side arm , and the codename Captain America, while posing as a clumsy infantry private at Camp Lehigh in Virginia. He forms a friendship with the camp's teenage mascot , James Buchanan "Bucky" Barnes.
Barnes learns of Rogers' dual identity and offers to keep the secret if he can become Captain America's sidekick. During their adventures, Franklin D. Roosevelt presents Captain America with a new shield , forged from an alloy of steel and vibranium , fused by an unknown catalyst, so effective that it replaces his own firearm.
Zemo launches the plane with an armed explosive on it with Rogers and Barnes in hot pursuit. The pair reaches the plane just before take off. When Bucky tries to defuse the bomb, it explodes in mid-air. Rogers is hurled into the freezing waters of the North Atlantic. Both are presumed dead, though it is later revealed that neither had died. Captain America appeared in comics for the next few years, changing from World War II-era hero fighting the Nazis to confronting the United States' newest enemy, Communism.
The revival of the character in the mids was short-lived, and events during that time period are later retconned to show that multiple people operated using the code name to explain the changes in the character. The last of these other official Captains, William Burnside,  was a history graduate enamored with the Captain America mythos, having his appearance surgically altered to resemble Rogers and legally changing his name to "Steve Rogers", becoming the new "s Captain America".
As a result, while Burnside and Monroe became the new Captain America and Bucky, they became violently paranoid, often raving about innocent people being communist sympathizers during the height of the Red Scare of the s. Their insanity forced the U. After he revives, they piece together that Rogers has been preserved in a block of ice since , surviving because of his enhancements from Project: The block began to melt after the Sub-Mariner , enraged that an Inuit tribe is worshipping the frozen figure, throws it into the ocean.
He quickly assumes leadership  and has typically returned to that position throughout the team's history. Captain America is plagued by guilt for having been unable to prevent Bucky's death. Although he takes the young Rick Jones who closely resembles Bucky under his tutelage, he refuses for some time to allow Jones to take up the Bucky identity, not wishing to be responsible for another youth's death.
Insisting that his hero move on from that loss, Jones convinces Rogers to let him don the Bucky costume,  but this partnership lasts only a short time; a disguised Red Skull , impersonating Rogers with the help of the Cosmic Cube , drives Jones away.
Rogers reunites with his old war comrade Nick Fury , who is similarly well-preserved due to the "Infinity Formula". As a result, Rogers regularly undertakes missions for the security agency S. Rogers later meets and trains Sam Wilson, who becomes the superhero the Falcon ,  the first African-American superhero in mainstream comic books. During this period, Rogers temporarily gains super strength. The series dealt with the Marvel Universe 's version of the Watergate scandal ,    making Rogers so uncertain about his role that he abandons his Captain America identity in favor of one called Nomad ,  emphasizing the word's meaning as "man without a country".
During this time, several men unsuccessfully assume the Captain America identity. The s included a run by writer Roger Stern and artist John Byrne. Stern, in his capacity as editor of the title, originally rejected the idea but later changed his mind about the concept.
Writer J. Homophobia is dealt with as Rogers runs into a childhood friend named Arnold Roth who is gay. Mark Gruenwald became the writer of the series with issue July and wrote issues for 10 consecutive years from until Sept.
Gruenwald created several new foes, including Crossbones and the Serpent Society. Rogers receives a large back-pay reimbursement dating back to his disappearance at the end of World War II, and a government commission orders him to work directly for the U. Already troubled by the corruption he had encountered with the Nuke incident in New York City ,  Rogers chooses instead to resign his identity,   and then takes the alias of "the Captain".
Rogers returns to the Captain America identity  while a recovered Walker becomes the U. Sometime afterward, Rogers avoids the explosion of a methamphetamine lab, but the drug triggers a chemical reaction in the Super-Soldier serum in his system. To combat the reaction, Rogers has the serum removed from his body and trains constantly to maintain his physical condition.
This additionally explained how nemesis the Red Skull , who at the time inhabited a body cloned from Rogers' cells, has the formula in his body. Because of his altered biochemistry, Rogers' body begins to deteriorate, and for a time he must wear a powered exoskeleton and is eventually placed again in suspended animation.
During this time, he is given a transfusion of blood from the Red Skull , which cures his condition and stabilizes the Super-Soldier virus in his system. Captain America returns to crime fighting and the Avengers. Following Gruenwald's departure from the series, Mark Waid took over and resurrected Sharon Carter as Cap's love interest. The title was then relaunched under Rob Liefeld as Cap became part of the Heroes Reborn universe for 13 issues  before another relaunch restored Waid to the title  in an arc that saw Cap lose his shield for a time using an energy based shield as a temporary replacement.
Following Waid's run, Dan Jurgens took over and introduced new foe Protocide , a failed recipient of the Super Soldier serum prior to the experiment that successfully created Rogers. Some time after this, Rogers' original shield was retrieved, but subtle damage sustained during the battle with the Beyonder resulted in it being shattered and a 'vibranium cancer' being triggered that would destroy all vibranium in the world, with Rogers nearly being forced to destroy the shield before a confrontation with the villain Klaw saw Klaw's attacks unwittingly repair the shield's fractured molecular bonds and negate the cancer.
In the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks , Rogers reveals his identity to the world and establishes a residence in the Red Hook neighborhood of Brooklyn , New York , as seen in Captain America vol. Rogers resumes his on-again, off-again relationship with S. After a mass supervillain break-out of the Raft, Rogers and Tony Stark assemble a new team of Avengers to hunt the escapees. In the — company-wide story arc " Civil War ", Rogers opposes the new mandatory federal registration of super-powered beings , and leads the underground anti-registration movement.
After significant rancor and danger to the public as the two sides clash, Captain America voluntarily surrenders and orders the Anti-Registration forces to stand down, feeling that the fight has reached a point where the principle originally cited by the anti-registration forces has been lost. Bucky takes on the mantle of Captain America, per Rogers' antemortem request. Captain America: Reborn 1 Aug. Although Rogers manages to relay a message to the future by giving a time-delayed command to the Vision during the Kree-Skrull War , the Skull returns Rogers to the present, where he takes control of Rogers' mind and body.
Rogers eventually regains control, and, with help from his allies, defeats the Skull. The President of the United States grants Rogers a full pardon for his anti-registration actions. The President of the United States appoints Rogers, in his civilian identity, as " America's top cop " and head of the nation's security,  replacing Norman Osborn as the tenth Executive Director of S. In the aftermath of the battle, Iron Man presents him with his reforged shield, now stronger for its uru-infused enhancements despite the scar it bears.
In the Avengers vs. She is the targeted vessel for the Phoenix Force , a destructive cosmic entity. Captain America believes that this Phoenix Force is too dangerous to entrust in one person and seeks to prevent Hope from having it.
After Cyclops was incarcerated, and Steve accepted the Avengers should have done more to help mutants, and allowed the world to hate them, he started planning a new sub-team of Avengers in the hopes of unifying mutant and humankind alike.
He chose Havok to lead his team and become the new face to represent mutants as Professor X and Cyclops once were. Their first threat was the return of the Red Skull - more specifically, a clone of the Skull created in and kept in stasis in the event of the original's death- who usurped Professor X's body to provide himself with telepathic powers, which he would use to provoke citizens of New York into a mass assault against mutants, or anyone who could be one, and force the Scarlet Witch and Rogue to allow themselves to be attacked.
The Red Skull's skills were still erratic, and could not completely control Captain America, an attack against him was enough of a distraction to lose control of Rogue and the Scarlet Witch. After being overpowered by the rest of the Uncanny Avengers, the Red Skull escapes, but promises to return. In the aftermath, both Rogue and the Scarlet Witch joined the team. During a battle with an enemy called the Iron Nail, the Super-Soldier Serum within Rogers's body was neutralized, causing him to age rapidly to match his chronological age of over 90 years.
The ensuing fight between the two old friends led Steve Rogers to force Iron Man to admit that he had lied to him and all of their allies, when he had known about the incursions between alternate Earths all along, but Iron Man also confessed that he wouldn't change a thing.
The final incursion started and Earth started approaching Earth while Iron Man and Steve Rogers kept fighting. Earth's S. Steve Rogers later has an encounter with an alternate Logan from Earth After defeating Logan and bringing him to Alberta, Canada, Rogers tried to "reassure" Logan that this was not "his" past by showing him the adamantium-frozen body of Earth's Logan.
This sight reminds Logan of the need to enjoy being alive rather than brooding over the ghosts of his past. Although he told Steve Rogers what he had experienced in his timeline, Logan declined Steve's offer of help. During the " Avengers: Their argument is interrupted when Baron Helmut Zemo and Fixer restore the inmates to normal. Rogers is then escorted to Dr. Erik Selvig 's clinic by Father Patrick. During an attempt to reason with Kobik, Rogers is attacked by Crossbones. Before Rogers can be killed, Kobik uses her abilities to restore him back to his prime.
Rogers rallies the heroes so that they can take the fight to Zemo. In Captain America: Steve Rogers 1 July , the final panel apparently revealed that Rogers has been a Hydra double-agent since his early youth.
Additionally, it is revealed that Rogers' abusive father, Joseph, was actually killed by Hydra, and that Hydra deceived him into thinking Joseph died of a heart attack. During the " Civil War II " storyline, with the discovery of new Inhuman Ulysses — who has the ability to "predict" the future by calculating complex patterns — Rogers has set out to prevent Ulysses from learning of his true plans and allegiance. Rogers does this by "forcing" certain predictions on him, such as anonymously providing Bruce Banner with new gamma research to provoke a vision that would drive the Avengers to kill Banner, although this plan has apparently backfired with a recent vision showing the new Spider-Man standing over the dead Steve Rogers.
This inspires doubt in Tony Stark for his current stance by suggesting that he is just acting against Danvers because he does not like being top dog.
Later, Rogers goes to Sokovia and joins forces with Black Widow to liberate freedom fighters from a prison so they can reclaim their country. After that, he goes to his base where Doctor Selvig expresses concern of his plan to kill the Red Skull.
He then reveals that he has Baron Zemo in a cell, planning to recruit him. In the " Secret Empire " storyline, Rogers, as the head of S. D, uses a subsequent alien invasion and a mass supervillain assault in order to seize control of the United States.
He neutralizes the superheroes that might oppose him,  and seeks the Cosmic Cube to bring about a reality in which Hydra won World War II. Rogers' battle experience and training make him an expert tactician and an excellent field commander, with his teammates frequently deferring to his orders in battle.
Thor has stated that Rogers is one of the very few humans he will take orders from and follow "through the gates of Hades". He has blended Aikido , Boxing ,  Judo ,   Karate ,  Jujutsu , Kickboxing , and gymnastics into his own unique fighting style and is a master of multiple martial arts.
Years of practice with his near-indestructible shield make him able to aim and throw it with almost unerring accuracy. His skill with his shield is such that he can attack multiple targets in succession with a single throw or even cause a boomerang -like return from a throw to attack an enemy from behind. In canon, he is regarded by other skilled fighters as one of the best hand-to-hand combatants in the Marvel Universe, limited only by his human physique.
Rogers has vast U. He is an expert in combat strategy, survival, acrobatics, parkour , military strategy, piloting, and demolitions. Despite his high profile as one of the world's most popular and recognizable superheroes, Rogers has a broad understanding of the espionage community, largely through his ongoing relationship with S.
The Super-Soldier Serum enhances all of his metabolic functions and prevents the build-up of fatigue poisons in his muscles, giving him endurance far in excess of an ordinary human being. He is highly resistant to hypnosis or gases that could limit his focus.
Abraham Erskine. Even worse, the attempts have instead often created psychopathic supervillains of which Captain America's s imitator and Nuke are the most notorious examples. Steve Rodgers is often considered to be the pinnacle of human potential and operates at peak physical performance due to his enhancement via the Super Soldier Serum.
Captain America has used multiple shields throughout his history, the most prevalent of which is a nigh-indestructible disc-shaped shield made from an experimental alloy of steel and the fictional vibranium.
Myron MacLain , who was contracted by the U. Roosevelt , to create an impenetrable substance to use for tanks during World War II. Captain America often uses his shield as an offensive throwing weapon.
When without his trademark shield, Captain America sometimes uses other shields made from less durable metals such as steel,  or even a photonic energy shield designed to mimic a vibranium matrix.
Captain America's uniform is made of a fire-retardant material, and he wears a lightweight, bulletproof duralumin scale armor beneath his uniform for added protection. To prevent a recurrence of the situation, Rogers modified the mask with connecting material to his uniform, an added benefit of which was extending his armor to cover his previously exposed neck. As a member of the Avengers, Rogers has an Avengers priority card, which serves as a communications device.
Captain America has used a custom specialized motorcycle, modified by the S. Captain America has faced numerous foes in over 70 years of published adventures. Many of his recurring foes embody ideologies contrary to the American values that Captain America is shown to strive for and believes in. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Captain America disambiguation. This article is about Steve Rogers. For the subsequent versions of the character, see List of incarnations of Captain America.
Captain America January Cover art by Jack Kirby and Syd Shores.
Joe Simon Jack Kirby. Rebirth Redeemers S. Further information: List of Captain America titles. This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. Please help improve it by removing unnecessary details and making it more concise. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Captain America's shield. Main article: List of Captain America enemies. Alternative versions of Captain America.
Main articles: Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved July 9, April 30, Archived from the original on November 29, Retrieved July 28, Archived from the original on October 31, Retrieved October 19, The Comic Book Makers. Reissued by Vanguard Productions in Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America.
Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. King of Comics. New York, New York: Abrams Books. The Marvel Vault: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press. Captain America Comics 1 went on sale around the end of , with a March cover date.
Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. Was Superman a Spy?: London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. Cap was not the first patriotically themed super hero, but he would become the most enduring. He was Timely's most popular hero with nearly a million copies of his comic sold per month.
CS1 maint: Extra text: Stan Lee's Amazing Marvel Universe. Sterling Publishing. The line reads: Harry N. TwoMorrows Publishing A mere [four] months after his imposter had appeared in Strange Tales , the real Cap was back.
Tales of Suspense 99 was followed by Captain America Captain America Speculation Over". Archived from the original on April 27, Retrieved December 28, Steve Rogers is coming back to life two years after Marvel Comics killed him". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 28, Alex Ross Returns to Marvel". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on Retrieved Comic Book Resources.
Retrieved January 14, The Chosen".
Archived from the original on October 9, Morrell Talks Captain America: The Chosen ". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on February 14, Arts Beat. The New York Times.
Retrieved June 14, Archived from the original on October 22, The Philadelphia Lawyer. Philadelphia Bar Association. Archived from the original on December 2, Retrieved August 6, Archived from the original on January 3, Parker February 5, United States Army.
Archived from the original on November 17, Captain America and American identity prior to World War 2". Environment and Planning D: Society and Space.
The Avengers! Archived from the original on June 25, The Falcon was the first black American super hero. Captain America". The Marvel Comics Index.
Archived from the original on April 21, Retrieved April 21, America was moving from the overarching Vietnam War toward the specific crimes of Watergate. Captain America and the Falcon: Secret Empire. Captain America and Bucky - 9 issues. Living Legend - 4 issues. Together for the First Time 1 Ghost Rider - Captain America: Fear 1 October, Dead on Arrival Vol 1.
Captain America and Hawkeye - 4 issues. Captain America and Iron Man - 3 issues. Captain America and Namor 1 issue.
Captain America and Black Widow - 5 issues. Captain America and the Mighty Avengers - 9 issues. Captain America UK - 6 issues. What If: Captain America 1 "What If Captain America Fought in the Civil War? Marvels Comics Group: Captain America 1 July, What If? Fallen Son 1 "What If Iron Man Had Died?
The Chosen - 6 issues. Who Won't Wield the Shield 1 June, Captain America Mini Book 1 Captain America's Bicentennial Battles 1 June, Captain America and the Campbell Kids 1 Adventures of Captain America 1 September, Captain America The Movie!
The Medusa Effect 1 March, Captain America Drug War 1 issue. Captain America Collectors' Preview 1 March, The Legend 1 Battlebooks Captain America Vol 1 1. Battlebooks Captain America 1 Captain America 1 June, The Fighting Avenger 1 June, Captain America and the Falcon No Articles! Captain America and the First Thirteen 1 issue. Captain America and Crossbones 1 issue.
Captain America and Batroc 1 issue. Captain America and The Secret Avengers 1 issue. I Am Captain America 1 issue. Captain America Vol 8 25 No Articles! Captain America Annual No Articles! America's Avenger Vol 1. The First Avenger 1 March, Civil War 1 March, Batman and Captain America 1.