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Fitness, Bodybuilding, Gym, Home workouts exercise and plans. He compelled them to agree to only carry sham swords, to wear no undergarments of shawl, velvet or silk; only wear silk outer garments provided they were red or black in color, to put no saddles on their horses, to take their dogs when they went out, to furnish guides and spies and carry firewood for the royal kitchen.
Qasim maintained these regulations, declaring that the Jats resembled the savages of Persia and the mountains. He also fixed their tribute. Historians such as Elliot, Cousens, Majumdar and Vaidya, have the general consensus that there was coercive conversion during the reign of Muhammad the Qasim [ citation needed ] , and destruction of temples was a reflection of the more basic, religiously motivated intolerance,  facts also corroborated by various islamic sources such as Chachnama, Zainul-Akhbar and Tarikh-I-Baihaqi.
Lane-Poole writes that, "as a rule Muslim government was at once tolerant and economic". A religious islamic office, " sadru-I-Islam al affal" , was created to oversee the secular governors.
While proselytization occurred, given the social dynamics of areas of Sindh conquered by Muslim, the spread of Islam was slow and took centuries. Muhammad bin Qasim had begun preparations for further expansions when Hajjaj died, as did Caliph Al-Walid I , who was succeeded by Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik , who then took revenge against all who had been close to Hajjaj.
Sulayman owed political support to opponents of Hajjaj and so recalled both of Hajjaj's successful generals Qutaibah bin Muslim and Qasim. There is controversy regarding the conquest and subsequent conversion of Sindh. This is usually voiced in two antagonistic perspectives viewing Qasim's actions: He imposed the customary poll tax, took hostages for good conduct and spared peoples' lives and lands.
He even left their shrines undesecrated: Elliot considered him to be "better" than other invaders, indulging in "much less, wanton sacrifice of life than was freely indulged in by most of the ruthless bigots who have propagated the same faith elsewhere.
Various polemical perceptions of Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism are also reflected in this debate. Some historians strike a middle ground, saying that Qasim was torn between the political expediency of making peace with the Hindus and Buddhists; having to call upon non-Muslims to serve under him as part of his mandate to administer newly conquered land; and orthodoxy by refraining from seeking the co-operation of "infidels".
It is contended that Qasim may have struck a middle ground, conferring the status of Dhimmi upon the native Sindhis and permitting them to participate in his administration, but treating them as "noncitizens" i.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Muhammad bin Qasim. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. March See also: Islamic persecution of Hindus and Islamic persecution of Buddhists.
Pakistan Vision. But this version of the story is almost absent and not accepted by many historians, because Muhammad bin Qasim attacked Sindh to punish the then ruler of Sindh Raja Dahir who captured some Muslim women, and to release them he attacked Sindh.
The tribes came in, 'ringing bells and beating drums and dancing,' in token of welcome. The Hindu rulers had oppressed them heavily, and the Jats and Meds and other tribes were on the side of the invaders.
The work of conquest, as often happened in India, was thus aided by the disunion of the inhabitants, and jealousies of race and creed conspired to help the Muslims.
To such suppliants Mohammad Kasim gave the liberal terms that the Arabs usually offered to all but inveterate foes. He imposed the customary poll-tax, took hostages for good conduct, and spared the people's lands and lives.
Putnam's Sons. New York, Translated from the Persian by Mirza Kalichbeg Fredunbeg. Commissioners Press.
He collected the revenue of the country and the treasury was placed under his seal. He assisted Muhammad ibn Qasim in all of his undertakings English translation by Mirza Kalichbeg Fredunbeg. Delhi Reprint, Famous Regiments of the Indian Army , page Rose and based on the Census Report for the Punjab The Qur'an and Other Religions , p. Oxford University Press. Patrick Legal Traditions of the World.
Patrick Glenn, Legal Traditions of the World. Oxford University Press , , p. Muslims and Modernity: An Introduction to the Issues and Debates.
Continuum International Publishing Group. Retrieved 7 July A Book of Conquest. Harvard University Press.