National Diabetes Information. Clearinghouse . You can learn how to take care of your diabetes and prevent some of the serious problems diabetes can cause. It also explains how Diabetes UK can give you up-to-date information and If there is no insulin present in the body, as in Type 1 diabetes, then there is no. Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for More information is available by calling toll free CDC-DIAB ().
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Diabetes and Prediabetes Fact Sheet · Diabetes Infographics · Diabetes Myths [ PDF - K]. In people without diabetes, glucose stays in a healthy range because. Normal Blood Glucose Control. Insulin is released at the right times and in the right. all their contact information.) Your family and friends are important members of your team, too. But remember: you are the captain of this team. Living. HeaLtHy.
Slow, steady weight loss goals are more likely to help a person retain long-term benefits. Using insulin People with type I diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes may need to inject or inhale insulin to keep their blood sugar levels from becoming too high.
Various types of insulin are available, and most are grouped by how long their effect lasts. There are rapid, regular, intermediate, and long-acting insulins. Some people will use a long-acting insulin injection to maintain consistently low blood sugar levels. Some people may use short-acting insulin or a combination of insulin types. Whatever the type, a person will usually check their blood glucose levels using a fingerstick.
This method of checking blood sugar levels involves using a special, portable machine called a glucometer. A person with type I diabetes will then use the reading of their blood sugar level to determine how much insulin they need. Self-monitoring is the only way a person can find out their blood sugar levels. Assuming the level from any physical symptoms that occur may be dangerous unless a person suspects extremely low glucose and thinks they need a rapid dose of glucose.
The discovery of insulin was fascinating and controversial. Click here to learn more. How much is too much? Insulin helps people with diabetes live an active lifestyle. However, it can lead to serious side effects, especially if a person administers too much.
Excessive insulin can cause hypoglycemia , or extremely low blood sugar, and lead to nausea, sweating, and shaking. It is essential that people measure insulin carefully and eat a consistent diet that balances blood sugar levels as much as possible. Other medications In addition to insulin, other types of medication are available that can help a person to manage their condition.
Metformin For type 2 diabetes, a doctor may prescribe metformin in pill or liquid form. It contributes to: lowering blood sugar making insulin more effective It can also help in weight loss.
Having a healthy weight can reduce the impact of diabetes. As well as diabetes, a person may also have other health risks, and they may need medication to control these.
A doctor will advise the individual about their needs. SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists In , new guidelines also recommended prescribing additional drugs for people with: atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease chronic kidney disease These are sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 SGLT2 inhibitors or glucagon-like peptide-1 GLP-1 receptor agonists. For those with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and a high risk of heart failure , the guidelines advise doctors to prescribe an SGLT2 inhibitor.
GLP-1 receptor agonists work by increasing the amount of insulin the body produces and decreasing the amount of glucose that enters the bloodstream. It is an injectable drug.
People may use it with metformin or alone. Side effects include gastrointestinal problems, such as nausea and a loss of appetite.
SLGT2 inhibitors are a new type of drug for lowering blood glucose levels. They work separately from insulin, and they may be useful for people who are not ready to start using insulin. People can take it by mouth. Side effects include a higher risk of urinary and genital infections and ketoacidosis. Learn more about other medications and treatments for managing diabetes by clicking here.
Self-monitoring tips Self-monitoring blood sugar levels is vital for effective diabetes management , helping to regulate meal scheduling, physical activity, and when to take medication, including insulin. While self-monitoring blood glucose SMBG machines vary, they will generally include a meter and test strip for generating readings and a lancing device to prick the skin for obtaining a small quantity of blood.
Refer to the specific instructions of a meter in every case, as machines will differ. However, the following precautions and steps will apply to many of the machines on the market: Make sure both hands are clean and dry before touching the test strips or meter Do not use a test strip more than once and keep them in their original canister to avoid any external moisture changing the result.
Keep canisters closed after testing. Diabetes mellitus cases due to a known defect are classified separately. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes mellitus. Consumption of sugar -sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. Management may include dietary changes, blood glucose monitoring, and in some cases, insulin may be required  Though it may be transient, untreated GDM can damage the health of the fetus or mother.
Risks to the baby include macrosomia high birth weight , congenital heart and central nervous system abnormalities, and skeletal muscle malformations. Increased levels of insulin in a fetus's blood may inhibit fetal surfactant production and cause infant respiratory distress syndrome. A high blood bilirubin level may result from red blood cell destruction.
In severe cases, perinatal death may occur, most commonly as a result of poor placental perfusion due to vascular impairment.
Labor induction may be indicated with decreased placental function. A caesarean section may be performed if there is marked fetal distress or an increased risk of injury associated with macrosomia, such as shoulder dystocia.
Or the blood sugar level gets so high, the person becomes severely dehydrated. It's called hyperosmolar syndrome. The symptoms of these complications include confused thinking, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and even seizures and coma. In some cases, diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar syndrome is the first sign that a person has diabetes. The treatment of diabetes also can produce symptoms.
Too much glucose-lowering medicine, relative to dietary intake, can lead to a blood sugar level that has dropped too low called hypoglycemia. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include:. You can correct hypoglycemia by eating or drinking something that has carbohydrates.
This raises your blood sugar level.
Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong illness. Usually, type 2 diabetes is also life-long. However, people with type 2 diabetes can sometimes restore their blood sugar levels to normal just by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and losing weight.
Gestational diabetes usually goes away after childbirth. However, women with gestational diabetes are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
In people with diabetes, aging and episodic illnesses can cause the body's insulin resistance to increase. As a result, additional treatment typically is required over time. You can help to prevent type 2 diabetes by.
If you already have type 2 diabetes, you can still delay or prevent complications by doing the following. Keep control of your blood sugar. This helps reduce the risk of most complications. Lower your risk of heart-related complications. Aggressively manage other risk factors for atherosclerosis, such as:. Visit an eye doctor and a foot specialist every year. This can help you reduce the risk of eye and foot complications.
In most cases, type 2 diabetes treatment begins with weight reduction through diet and exercise. A healthy diet for a person with diabetes is low in total calories, free of trans fats and nutritionally balanced, with abundant amounts of whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and monounsaturated fats. Most people with type 2 diabetes need drug therapy to control blood sugar. However, it is possible to achieve normal blood sugar levels with weight loss, a healthy diet and regular exercise.
The medications used for type 2 diabetes include pills and injections. They work in many different ways.