Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the . At the beginning of her first term as prime minister, Indira was widely criticized by the media and the opposition as a "Goongi goodiya" (Hindi word. Anand Mohan: Indira Gandhi A Personal and Political Biography,Meredith Press, New. York, Alexander, P.C: My Years with Indira Gandhi, Vision Books. Indira Gandhi was India's third prime minister, serving from to , when her life ended in assassination. Learn more at

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Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Indira Gandhi was an Indian politician and the only female Prime Minister of India . This biography profiles her childhood, life history, cause of her death and. Biography of INDIRA GANDHI – Part 1 & 2- Free PDF And Video Download Hindi & Indira Gandhi was born as Indira Nehru in a Kashmiri Pandit family on

Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Her leadership, however, came under continual challenge from the right wing of the party, led by former minister of finance Morarji Desai. She won a seat in the elections to the Lok Sabha lower chamber of the Indian parliament , but the Congress Party managed to win only a slim majority of seats, and Gandhi had to accept Desai as deputy prime minister. Library of Congress, Washington, D. LC-USZ Tensions grew within the party, however, and in she was expelled from it by Desai and other members of the old guard. In the Lok Sabha elections the New Congress group won a sweeping electoral victory over a coalition of conservative parties. She became the first government leader to recognize the new country.

Indira Gandhi : an intimate biography

However she handled it very carefully. Quit India movement was launched and she also got married just before it on 26 march She was also arrested several times for being a part of movement.

Sanjay Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi were also born during this time.

Due to his busy time she could not able to fully devote to her children but still was with them always. Meanwhile in ,riots were also broke out. She provided full support to the masses and helped them to restore peace.

Death of Mahatma Gandhi had a very deep impact on her. He had no. In she was elected president of Indian National Congress.

Indira Gandhi - Wikipedia

He worked really hard as a leader but still opposed by many. Internal conflicts and political unstability were there.

She was impressed by Dalai Lama and opposed Chinese stand. After Indo-china war war many criticised Nehru which disappointed her. Immediately after that Shastriji died due to heart attack. She was worried at the thought of Morarji Desai becoming PM of the country.

Despite that on 24 january she sworn as a Prime Minister of our country. She thought of developing India in all aspects. She emphasized on the agricultural sector,energy sector,science,industrial and specially culture and north east region. Path was not easy as she was the target of her own party.

But she focussed on the important problems rather than the political. International aid were also not there. Many new laws were enacted that limited personal freedoms.

During that period she also implemented several unpopular policies, including large-scale sterilization as a form of birth control. When long-postponed national parliamentary elections were held later in , she and her party were soundly defeated, whereupon she left office.

The Janata Party precursor to the Bharatiya Janata Party took over the reins of government, with newly recruited member Desai as prime minister.

She was briefly imprisoned October and December on charges of official corruption.

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Despite those setbacks, she won a new seat in the Lok Sabha in November , and her Congress I Party began to gather strength. Dissension within the ruling Janata Party led to the fall of its government in August When new elections for the Lok Sabha were held in January , Gandhi and Congress I were swept back into power in a landslide victory. Her son Sanjay, who had become her chief political adviser, also won a seat in the Lok Sabha.

All legal cases against Indira, as well as against Sanjay, were withdrawn. She adhered to the quasi-socialist policies of industrial development that had been begun by her father.

During the early s Indira Gandhi was faced with threats to the political integrity of India. Several states sought a larger measure of independence from the central government, and Sikh separatists in Punjab state used violence to assert their demands for an autonomous state. Tensions between the government and the Sikhs escalated, and in June Gandhi ordered the Indian army to attack and oust the separatists from the complex.

Some buildings in the shrine were badly damaged in the fighting, and at least Sikhs were killed Sikh estimates of the death toll were considerably higher. Five months later Gandhi was killed in her garden in New Delhi in a fusillade of bullets fired by two of her own Sikh bodyguards in revenge for the attack in Amritsar. She was succeeded as prime minister by her son Rajiv , who served until We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.

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Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. See Article History. Alternative Titles: Indira Nehru, Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi. Britannica SearchBot.

Biography of INDIRA GANDHI – Part 1 & 2- Free PDF And Video Download Hindi & English

About Britannica SearchBot Feedback. Read More on This Topic. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: During her first year in office, she visited Washington, D.

She had accompanied her father the world over and had been the leader of…. Gandhi and her government seemed unable to do anything to stop the growing number of politically motivated killings and acts of terror in Punjab, Haryana, and Delhi.

She knew that nationwide elections would have to be called by January , and the overwhelming Hindu majority…. Later in the year, Gandhi was assassinated by….

Rajiv Gandhi, Indian politician and government official who rose to become the leader of the Congress I Party a faction of the Indian National Congress [Congress Party] established in and served as prime minister of India —89 after the assassination of his mother, Indira Gandhi , in…. History at your fingertips.


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