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Early years[ edit ] Pramoedya was born on February 6, , in the town of Blora in the heartland of Java , [1] then a part of the Dutch East Indies. He was the firstborn son in his family; his father was a teacher, who was also active in Boedi Oetomo the first recognized indigenous national organization in Indonesia and his mother was a rice trader. His maternal grandfather had taken the pilgrimage to Mecca. But he felt that the family name Mastoer his father's name seemed too aristocratic. The Javanese prefix "Mas" refers to a man of the higher rank in a noble family. Consequently, he omitted "Mas" and kept Toer as his family name. He went on to the Radio Vocational School in Surabaya but had barely graduated from the school when Japan invaded Surabaya He believed the Japanese to be the lesser of two evils, compared to the Dutch. He worked as a typist for a Japanese newspaper in Jakarta. As the war went on, however, Indonesians were dismayed by the austerity of wartime rationing and by increasingly harsh measures taken by the Japanese military. The Nationalist forces loyal to Sukarno switched their support to the incoming Allies against Japan; all indications are that Pramoedya did as well. On August 17, , after the news of Allied victory over Japan reached Indonesia, Sukarno proclaimed Indonesian independence.

In the power vacuum that followed Japan's surrender in , Indonesia, led by the country's first president, Sukarno many Javanese Indonesians use only one name , declared independence. The Netherlands launched a four-year war to recover its colony, and Pramoedya fought for a time in a guerrilla group.

He later moved to Jakarta, Indonesia's largest city, and edited a pro-independence journal. For these activities he was imprisoned by Dutch authorities between the summer of and the end of , when the Dutch, under international pressure, ceased hostilities. While he was in prison, guards gave Pramoedya a copy of John Steinbeck's epic novel Of Mice and Men , which Pramoedya used as a way to learn the English language. He also began to combat the despair of prison life by writing, a practice he would likewise follow during later stretches in prison, and he completed his first novel, Perburuan The Fugitive, translated into English in The book earned Pramoedya widespread recognition and confirmed his gift for weaving historical events into compelling narratives of characters with complex personal motivations.

Pramoedya was fond of saying that he became a writer because he had no other marketable skill, and his reception of the young country's Balai Putaska literary prize helped stabilize his financial situation.

He married for the first time, eventually fathering eight children during two marriages. Pramoedya wrote several novels, including Keluarga Gerilya The Gerilya Family , set during the war of Indonesian independence. He also penned short stories that were collected into several books; one of these, Cerita dari Blora Stories from Blora, , featured settings from his home region.

The novel Korupsi Corruption, , written after Pramoedya spent a year in the Netherlands on a cultural exchange program, was aimed at corruption in Indonesian society. Pramoedya also traveled to China in , and over the course of the s he gradually moved leftward politically.

Many of his writings of the late s were nonfiction essays on themes of social criticism. Championed Cause of Ethnic Chinese Pramoedya began to speak out about the conditions facing ethnic Chinese in Indonesia, a prosperous but often persecuted minority in the country.

This earned him the enmity of Sukarno, whom Pramoedya generally admired, and in he spent another nine months in prison. Between and he edited the cultural section of the leftist-oriented Bintang Timur Eastern Star newspaper. In , however, chaos broke out in Indonesia. A group of army officers was assassinated under murky circumstances, and Indonesia's Communist Party was blamed. An Indonesian general, Suharto, seized power from Sukarno and ruled Indonesia as strongman of the country's "New Order" government until The country's military launched a brutal program of repression against members of Communist organizations, resulting in hundreds of thousands of deaths.

Pramoedya, whose works had already begun to appear in foreign language editions, was not killed, but he was arrested in October of and again imprisoned. A beating he received from soldiers left him partially deaf for the rest of his life, and his entire library was destroyed. Working rice fields on a penal farm, Pramoedya and his fellow prisoners suffered from extreme malnutrition.

Pramoedya began to eat rats and lizards, and worse.

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Eating snakes was common. Some of the men ate wood worms, too, disposing of the head first and then eating the fatty lower part of the body, sometimes raw.

Dogs, too, found their way into our stomachs…. The humiliation, the beatings, the forced labor: these things made the situation more worrisome. The government sent Islamic clerics to the island to minister to the prisoners. Imagine the humor of that! At first he was not allowed to have pencils and paper, and he formed his stories by telling them aloud to the other inmates.

Later, prison regulations were relaxed slightly, and Pramoedya's fellow prisoners worked to provide him with writing implements.

Penned Quartet of Books In Pramoedya was released from prison, partly as a result of intercession by the administration of U. President Jimmy Carter, and placed under house arrest in Jakarta. Although his writings were mostly banned, he was allowed to write, and he turned his prison stories into a linked series of four novels, known as the Buru Quartet.

These books, especially the first one, were hailed internationally as masterpieces and were translated into some 20 languages.

Set in Indonesia in the early twentieth century, they traced the mechanisms of colonial repression through the interlocking tales of an Indonesian and a Dutch family. The central character, an Indonesian named Minke who narrates several of the books, was based on an actual figure, a journalist named Tito Adi Surya who was influential in early Indonesian nationalism. Despite the acclaim Pramoedya was receiving, his books, including the Buru Quartet, remained banned in Indonesia through the s.

Asked by Michigan Today why the Quartet books were banned even though they dealt with Dutch colonial power in Indonesia, Pramoedya replied, "Well, apparently Suharto identified with the target! With the rise of Internet technology, scanned copies of Pramoedya's books began to find their way into Indonesia and to circulate clandestinely.

Dan yang dirampas itu akan berubah jadi energi lain yang mengguris abadi dalam kehidupan. Apa boleh buat, hanya sebatang kayu yang tak punya sentimen, kata penerjemah Rumania itu membantah seorang anggota Parlemen RI yang pernah datang ke negerinya, h. Di kapal ini perut agak berisi dan air mandi melimpah seperti di rumah nenek sendiri. Kebahagiaan sekecil-kecilnya perlu juga dipelajari bagaimana menikmatinya. Biarpun ke mana mata memandang memang hanya maut yang nampak: Dan radio kapal itu tak henti-hentinya bergaya, sekalipun tiada orang mendengarkan lagu-lagu kroncong yang cukup memualkan, doa selamat menuju hidup baru dari seorang gerejawan.

Ya, selamat untuk hidup baru, katanya. Orang bilang, bagaimana pun dan ke mana pun kau bergerak, kuburan juga tujuannya. Siapa pernah lahir, bersama dengan kelahirannya dia dijatuhi hukuman mati.

Apa boleh buat, dalam kerangkeng, di atas kapal semacam ini, memang setiap kami merenungkan mati. Salah satu karya non fiksi fenomenal dari Sang Pramoedya Ananta Toer. Tidak dapat disangkal lagi Pramoedya Ananta Toer menjadi pengarang kebanggaan Bangsa Indonesia dan favorit hampir semua orang yang pernah membaca karya-karya gemilangnya.

Perjalanan PAT menjadi pengarang terbesar se-Indonesia tidak lepas dari perjalanan kelam hidupnya serta dukungan para tahanan polit Salah satu karya non fiksi fenomenal dari Sang Pramoedya Ananta Toer. Perjalanan PAT menjadi pengarang terbesar se-Indonesia tidak lepas dari perjalanan kelam hidupnya serta dukungan para tahanan politik di Pulau Buru. Terlihat dari kekuatan bahasa tulisan serta cerita di dalam buku ini tergambarkan sosok PAT yang dihormati dan dituakan oleh hampir semua kalangan tidak terkecuali kalangan pemerintah, pers luar dan dalam negeri saat itu.

Walaupun demikian seluruh perasaan amarah, pedih, gembira, prihatin, sedih, keluh, haru tetap tajam tergambarkan di seluruh rangkaian narasi memoar langka ini. Jul 01, Edlin rated it liked it. Buku ini seperti sebuah gabungan antara buku harian, curahan hati, surat yang tidak terkirim, dan laporan peristiwa.

Sedikit membosankan dibandingkan novel-novel Pram yang lain. Saya tidak sampai hati dan melewati beberapa bagian yang menurut saya terlalu tragis dan tidak manusiawi. Termasuk kisah ketika perpustakaan pribadinya dibakar angkatan darat. Pada dasarnya, gagasan yang ingin disampaikan Pram dalam buku ini ada pada halaman 49, yang petikan kalimatnya adalah "Mengharapkan kebaikan hati o Buku ini seperti sebuah gabungan antara buku harian, curahan hati, surat yang tidak terkirim, dan laporan peristiwa.

Pada dasarnya, gagasan yang ingin disampaikan Pram dalam buku ini ada pada halaman 49, yang petikan kalimatnya adalah "Mengharapkan kebaikan hati orde baru sama dengan mimpi melihat kambing berkumis! Sistem kekuasaan yang dibangun dengan pembunuhan massal selamanya menjadi sistem yang lebih sibuk membenahi nurani sendiri".

Begitulah menurut saya.. Jan 11, Anis rated it really liked it. View all 4 comments. Dec 28, New rated it it was amazing. Nyanyi Sunyi Seorang Bisu Vol.

Pramoedya Ananta Toer Tahun Terbit: Buku yang sudah dalam keadaan sedikit kumal akan tetapi masih dapat kubaca tulisan yang ada didalamnya. Buku ini terdiri dari 2 dua jiid yaitu Volume 1 dan Volume 2. Aku membacanya dengan sedikit-sedikit yang ternyata setelah kupahami buku ini berisi surat-surat yang ditujukan untuk anak-anak Pram. Pramoedya hadir dan mengamati dengan kepala sendiri bagaimana seorang temannya drs. Dan bila modal komunikasi itu dirampas, ah-ya, siapa yang bias rampas hak untuk berdialog dengan diri sendiri?

Dengan mengharukan dia menulis tentang pengkhianatan yang dia alami sebagai kisah pengkhianatan Indonesia. View 1 comment. As usual, Pramoedya succeeds in giving a very moving and honest portrayal of life in Indonesia. This book evokes emotions deep within one's heart. It brings out one's compassions for the writer, his family, and his fellow prisoners. It also gives a very good description of how successfully had the Soeharto's regime oppressed the minds of Indonesian people.

When reading this book, as with reading any of Pramoedya's books, one gets the sense of how passionately he loves Indonesia, how great a hope As usual, Pramoedya succeeds in giving a very moving and honest portrayal of life in Indonesia. When reading this book, as with reading any of Pramoedya's books, one gets the sense of how passionately he loves Indonesia, how great a hope he has for the country and the people despite of all the atrocious treatments he has received from the government.

However, the average readers will need to have a basic knowledge of Indonesian modern history from the year to be able to better enjoy this book. For me, one of the most captivating parts of this collection of writing which Pramoedya put together as a political prisoner in an Indonesian penal colony was the way he situates American financial interests and multinationals within the rhetorical sphere of religion: It was because of American financial interests that the Netherlands was finally forced to leave.

National freedom had been achieved but not so the aspirations behind independence. And these were not men killed on the battlefield, but defenceless people without arms and even the intent to resist.

They were killed like rats in a gutter. Between , to over 1 million people died. The things done in the name of supposed 'stability'. A very narrow notion of 'stability' that entails a good environment for attracting capital investments, and translates into cracking down on supposed communist threats in the most 'efficient' manner, that is, with zero due process.

Southeast Asia is very close to my heart. Most of my family still lives there. It still saddens me when I ponder the extent to which America was involved in perpetuating the mass killings in the name of communist crack-downs.

It further saddens me at how Lee Kuan Yew was such close friends with Suharto, and shared such a horrifying conception of humanity and social order. But reading Lee Kuan Yew interviews, you discover how large a role Japanese brutalities in Singapore shaped Lee's dark Hobbesian conception of the world.

Violence begets more violence. Pramoedya also detailed the sickening brutalities that occurred in Indonesia under Japanese occupation, and how they were far worse than the oppression they suffered under Dutch colonialism.

Authoritarianism was not the answer to violence. A wise sage once said, "Those who live by the sword, die by the sword. Paul wrote: When people of the nations, who do not possess the law, do instinctively what the law requires, these, though not having the law, are a law to themselves.

They show that what the law requires is written on their hearts, to which their own conscience also bears witness" Romans 2: Pramoedya was one of these people who had teachings of peace and justice written on his heart, to which his own conscience also bore witness. I actually stumbled upon this book by accident. I started reading this book quite a while ago, but it lost its way in the shuffle of things, and I only recently thought to get back to it.

Sometimes, especially when writing to his children, he sounds like one of my aunts lecturing me about staying safe and being responsible. I hope to read one of his novels one day.

Pramoedya was a 20th-century Jeremiah writing on scrolls that King Jehoiakim did not look too favourably upon as he burned them strip by strip on his apartment brazier Jeremiah Jeremiah Is not this to know me? Through a series of letters to his children and various essays written during his 14 year imprisonment, Pramoedya provides a simple, poignant and emotional journey of his love of his family, of Indonesia and it's history.

His letters cover topics from making sure his children do their homework to history, folklore, the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, life in the prison island of Buru, the corruption of the military and of Pramoedya's travels prior to imprisonment. He also tries to figure out wh Through a series of letters to his children and various essays written during his 14 year imprisonment, Pramoedya provides a simple, poignant and emotional journey of his love of his family, of Indonesia and it's history.

He also tries to figure out why he and many others were imprisoned, without charge or conviction, removed from society simply because of their intellect, bad luck, political views or for no reason at all.

View all 3 comments. Tidak mudah membaca karya Pram, dalam bahasa Inggris pula.

Membayangkan keadaan beliau saat menulis memoar ini tahanan politik di pulau Buru membuktikan beliau adalah salah satu penulis besar yang pernah dimiliki bangsa kita. Salah satu kutipan yang saya sukai: Mar 13, Dipa Raditya rated it it was amazing. Karyanya yang paling personal dan salah satu yang membuat Pram punya elan vital menulis yang sangat tinggi lantaran teman temannya menciptakan tema yang tak ada habisnya.

Esai ini sungguh jujur namun tetap mempertahankan kesubtilan bahasa yang dia gunakan. Pada dasarnya, sesederhana suara suara yang punya hak dan tidak ingin hilang ditelan angin.

Nyanyi Sunyi Seorang Bisu 1

Apalagi angin sejarah yang suka mengundang amnesia. Aug 26, Luthfi Arham marked it as to-read. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. Mar 04, Ruri rated it really liked it Shelves: Finally i found this book at Freedom Institute Library! Saya sedikit merasa kurang beruntung karena mendapat buku ini versi Inggris-nya. Walau begitu, hasil terjemahan masih melekat kuat pada gaya tulis Pram yang sangat menyentuh sisi kemanusiaan dari setiap pembacanya.

Buku ini merupakan kumpulan catatan dan surat yang ditulis Pram saat mendekap di Pulau Buru. Penyajian versi Inggris tersusun rapih dan kian lengkap dengan adanya pengantar pada tiap bagian utama buku. Dari catatan ini, dapat dibayangkan akan kondisi kehidupan sebagai tapol di Pulau B Saya sedikit merasa kurang beruntung karena mendapat buku ini versi Inggris-nya.

Dari catatan ini, dapat dibayangkan akan kondisi kehidupan sebagai tapol di Pulau Buru yang sangat buruk. Berbeda dengan pengasingan di Digoel yang saya peroleh informasinya dari buku Pram oleh pemerintahan kolonial, pemerintahan Orde Baru menunjukkan taringnya yang tiada beda dengan binatang.

Bahkan terasa saat membacanya, sifat binatang lebih manusiawi dari militerisme Orde Baru yang jauh lebih rendah. Saya tidak bisa membayangkan betapa beratnya berpisah dengan sanak saudara, dengan kehidupan, dengan kebebasan selama 12 tahun lebih tanpa adanya alasan yang jelas.

Catatan Pram membawa pembaca untuk kembali ke masa pergolakan politik '65 dan melihat satu sisi tingkah laku barbarisme ketika memegang kuasa, dan kemudian merefleksikannya akan cita-cita Indonesia yang bebas, yang dipegang setiap manusia Indonesia semasa Revolusi.

Pram juga menceritakan kesehariannya di Buru yang ia refleksikan dengan masa kecilnya sampai dewasa; mengapa ia melakukan hal-hal yang menurutnya dinilai benar dan darimana ia memperolehnya. Ini juga disajikan sebagai pesan bagi keturunannya, bagi anak-anaknya, walaupun searah karena sensor pengiriman surat keluar Buru. Ever since the word was first discovered, its meaning has been the same: So it is with Hinduism and Buddhism too. Mar 28, Amanda Rachmadita rated it it was amazing.

Emosi saya sebagai pembaca benar-benar diaduk-aduk saat membaca Nyanyi Sunyi Seorang Bisu. Buku ini disusun dari sejumlah catatan milik Pram dan juga milik sejumlah tapol lainnya yang dibuang ke Pulau Buru karena dituduh berkhianat dan mencoba menghancurkan NKRI. Namun nyatanya, para tapol itu meski dinyatakan bersalah dan berbahaya tak pernah sampai berkasnya di meja pengadilan.

Tak pernah ada bukti hukum yang terbukti bahwa mereka menjadi pengkhianat bangsa dan negara. Buku ini juga cukup memberikan gambaran tentang sosok Pram, tentang pemikiran dan renungannya, bagaimana ia selalu mencari jawaban atas semua kesalahan yg dituduhkan padanya, meski nyatanya ia tak tahu apa yang membuatnya menjadi sosok berbahaya bagi penguasa kala itu, Soeharto dan rezim Orde Baru kebanggaannya.

Upaya-upaya untuk kembali menggali lebih dalam makna kebebasan, kemerdekaan, dan kemanusiaan, menjadi sejumlah kata kunci yang terus digaungkan dari Nyanyi Sunyi Seorang Bisu. Satu hal yang saya yakini, buku ini dianggap berbahaya bukan karena dinilai membela ideologi Komunis yang disebut menjadi dalang tragedi G 30 S Buku ini dianggap berbahaya karena nyatanya Orde Baru gagal menunjukkan pada rakyat Indonesia seperti apa seharusnya menjadi rakyat yang Pancasilais, yang menjunjung tinggi nilai kemanusiaan dan keadilan, saat justru di Timur Indonesia, ada sebuah kamp penyiksaan dan neraka bagi sesama rakyat Indonesia yang bahkan tak pernah merasakan kebebasan dan kemerdekaan selama bertahun-tahun penahanan tanpa adanya pengadilan.

Oct 09, Vanda Kemala rated it it was amazing.

Pramoedya Ananta Toer

Dari beberapa buku Pramoedya Ananta Toer yang pernah dibaca, ini buku terkelam. Bikin nggak enak makan, mual, ngilu, sedih, bahkan nyaris bikin depresi. Nggak bisa bayangin gimana kehidupan di sana. Dibuang, dijauhkan dari keluarga, katanya dihukum tapi tanpa dikasih tahu kesalahannya, tanpa putusan pengadilan, bahkan tanpa surat penangkapan, yang sama artinya diculik.

Belum lagi kondisi alam di sana yang nggak bagus. Ditambah harus kerja atau berusaha hidup, demi kebutuhan hidup yang nggak cuk Dari beberapa buku Pramoedya Ananta Toer yang pernah dibaca, ini buku terkelam. Ditambah harus kerja atau berusaha hidup, demi kebutuhan hidup yang nggak cukup disediakan pemerintah.

Masih harus kasih "upeti" ke petugas di sana pula. Di bagian terakhir buku, ada daftar nama mereka yang meninggal di pulau Buru, yang berhasil dicatat, sebelum muncul larangan pencatatan. Ditulis sebab meninggalnya juga, yang dalihnya Pram, bisa dijadikan jalan bagi keluarga tapol buat tahu anggota keluarganya yang ikut dibuang di sana, masih hidup atau sudah meninggal.

Berharap bisa baca yang jilid 2, tapi mungkin nggak dalam waktu dekat. Biar nggak megap-megap depresi. Jan 22, S. Een mooi tegengeluid voor alle verhalen die ik gelezen heb geschreven door ex kolonisten. Aan een verhaal zitten twee kanten. Een verhaal van moed en doorzettingsvermogen. Toch maar drie sterren omdat het wat langdradig is. De schrijver geeft in het begin al aan dat hij mogelijk in herhaling zal vallen en dat doet hij ook.

Feb 17, Puri Kencana Putri rated it it was amazing. Nama yang tidak familiar di telinga saya, dengan judul buku yang asing, dan nampaknya belum pernah saya jumpai di toko-toko buku di Jakarta. Sayapun berkeliling kota Jogja, mencari kedua buku ini dari satu toko buku ke toko buku lainnya. Akhirnya saya temukan di sebuah toko buku lokal yang lumayan eksis saat itu: Toga Mas.

Ah, kedua buku itu tebal sekali. Saya was-was, dan meragukan kemampuan pribadi untuk menyelesaikan kedua novel ini, tanpa terjebak dengan tenggat waktu mengumpulkan ujian akhir.

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