Police Regulations, Bengal. CHAPTER 1. Organization. 1. In these Regulations, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context—. (i) the word. regulation in the Police Regulations, Bengal, prescribing the conditions of service of Deputy Superintendents of Police and the members of the. Police Regulations, Bengal – Download PDF The Regulations deal only with the Bengal Police, The Eastern Frontier Rifles (Bengal Battalion) are.
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I *.,j 1 % □ 'f Police Regulations Bengal Issued a ith the authority of the Government of Bengal IN THREE VOLUMES Volume I Corrected up to . Police Regulations Bengal, Police Regulations Bangladesh, Com ment. Interp retatio ns. [§,A ct v,. ]. 1. In these Regulations, unless there is . (2) If such police-officer finds in such shop or premises weights, measures or instruments for weighing or measuring which he has reason to believe are false, .
In , justices of peace were appointed for the municipal administration of Calcutta and its suburbs , under a chief magistrate who was directly in charge of the Police.
In justices of peace were constituted as magistrates of 24 Parganas and parts of the adjacent districts within a mile radius of the town.
In a committee under J.
Patton brought about key changes in police organisation which now began to be modelled on the London Metropolitan Police.
A Commissioner of Police was appointed with powers of a justice of peace to preserve law and order, detect crime and apprehend offenders. Wauchope, who was then the chief magistrate of Calcutta, was appointed as the first Commissioner of Police. The year saw the first upsurge against British rule.
The rebellion led to the dissolution of the East India Company in It also led the British to reorganise the army, the financial system and the administration in India. Commissioner Wauchope handled the situation ably and was knighted for his achievement.
During the incumbency of his successor V. Younan as the superintendent and R. Lamb as the first-class inspector. Sir Fredrick Halliday, who was appointed as the Commissioner of Police in , also introduced several changes in the administration of Calcutta Police including the system of running a Control Room. In response to the threat of the nationalist organisation Anushilan Samiti , Haliday oversaw the creation of the Special Branch in June on the recommendation of Sir Charles Augustus Tegart.
For his numerous contributions to the growth of the city police, he is regarded as the father of modern Calcutta Police. He reorganised the city police force and made it efficient. A highly decorated officer, he was the Commissioner of Police from —31 and was admired for keeping the city free from crime.
However, he was unpopular with freedom fighters and his encounters with revolutionaries are a part of popular Bengali folklore.
Later, Banerjee left his position and took up teaching as a profession, and Hussain left the job to become the First Governor-General of East Pakistan. Post-independence onward [ edit ] The colonial history of the Calcutta Police force was primarily repressive and anti-nationalist. After India gained independence from British rule in , Calcutta Police was re-organised as an essential element of the Indian law enforcement agencies.
As of , Kolkata Police has 8 divisions covering 70 police stations. There are 8 battalions of armed forces as well as specialised branches.
The quick and immediate writing up of case diary truly reflects the nitty-gritty of the police investigation. Sometimes the investigation officers neglect the examination of the witnesses on the first day of the visit of the place of occurrence and after consuming days together record the statements in a single day.
In every case the investigation officers must record the statements of the witnesses present expeditiously on the first day or the following day if the FIR discloses the names of the witnesses who are acquainted with the facts of the case. Section of the Evidence Act in an unambiguous language states that the admissibility of a previous statement that should have been made before an authority legally competent to investigate the fact 'at or about the time', when the fact to which the statement relates took place.
The object of this section is to admit statements made at a time when the mind of the witness is still so connected with the events as to make it probable that his description of them is accurate.
But if time for reflection passes between the event and the subsequent statement, it not only can be of little value but may be actually dangerous and as such statement can be easily brought into being.
Moreover, as the case diary is a confidential document, so it may not be claimed by the accused person at any time for the purpose of assessing and scrutinising its entries.
A criminal court is free to ask for the case diary at any stage of the proceedings. But, the case diary cannot be used as evidence in the trial. The entries of case diary may not be referred to the court at the instance of the accused person.
The accused in such a case can seek permission to use the case diary to show contradiction in the prosecution case. The police officer, therefore, has scope to see the case diary during his examination-in-chief for the purpose of refreshing memory.