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WARTEGG TEST. Name: test; therefore artistic talent does not count at all. You do not have to start in square ''A'' and finish in square ''H''. You may start in the. The Wartegg drawing completion test (Wartegg Zeichen Test, WZT) is a Ceccarelli (), Wartegg's test is one of the most popular personality tests used . ABSTRACT. Three new scoring categories for the Wartegg Drawing Completion Test (WDCT) were introduced. Each of them permits to assess specific.

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Wartegg Test Pdf

PDF | Wartegg test has being widely used by psychologist to analyze personality from his/her drawing. The problem face off by the psychologist. Wartegg's drawing test (WZT, Wartegg Zeichen Test) was developed in the 's and 30's by the Austro-German psychologist Ehrig Wartegg ( ). A Brief History of the Wartegg Drawing Test 1. Introduction The Wartegg drawing completion test (Wartegg Zeichen Test, WZT) is a projective drawing test.

Initial scoring systems for the WDCT were considered cumbersome and lacked research-driven validation. In response to these factors, Alessandro Crisi, following years of clinical practice and research, developed the Crisi Wartegg System CWS; , , a normed and standardized administration, scoring, and interpretation system for the WDCT. Over the past three decades, Dr. Crisi has refined and expanded the CWS through research, broadening the scope of the measure, and increasing the accessibility of the system to clinicians. This manual provides a comprehensive guide to the CWS, made available to English-speaking clinicians for the first time. Reviews This text is the quintessential resource for psychological assessors who wish to incorporate the Crisi Wartegg system of scoring and interpreting the Wartegg Drawing Completion Test into their resource bank of personality assessment instruments. It comprehensively describes the stages of implementing the Crisi Wartegg System from scoring through interpretation in children, adolescents, and adults, and provides a thorough exposition of the rapidly expanding research base for this enormously useful tool. Assessors from neophyte to expert will derive immeasurable benefit from welcoming this book into their libraries. Virginia M. Brabender, Ph.

Test Wartegg.pdf -

For the interpretation of the results the author presented two forms, the projective approach and the expressive approach. These characteristics are evidenced from the previous meanings of the stimuli described for each field. The classification of these occurs as motor, aesthetic or symbolic doodles, symmetrical decorative abstractions, asymmetrical decorative abstractions, or techniques and paintings or pictures that receive the classifications realism animate nature, physiognomy, schematism and inanimate nature , objects, fantasies fantasized reality, fairy stories, mythological figures, free fantasies, ghosts and the repetition of the stimulus Freitas, In turn, the expressive approach considers the variables with reference to the properties of the drawings themselves.

They are divided into graphical aspects good, medium or low level of form , pencil pressure very strong, strong, soft, very soft, irregular, variation in pressure , line straight, curved, continuous, discontinuous, tremulous, reinforced, advances and retreats, and shading , size and graphical expansion, this being classified as small, large or compact Freitas, More recently, Crisi presented a new method of coding and interpretation for the Wartegg Test, justifying that the original, in addition to presenting unfavorable indices of validity evidence, presented a very complex and imprecise scoring method.

Furthermore, the theoretical basis did not support all the evaluative complexity proposed by Ehrig Wartegg, making its use in clinical practice, for example, limited. Crisi proposed a system of coding, scoring and interpretation based on the Rorschach in the Roman School for which, in addition to providing a more objective character, allows the comparison between the two tests.

Thus, nine categories were proposed for the coding of the results, namely, evocative character, affective quality, form quality, content, frequency, particular phenomena, movement, impulse response and order of succession or execution.

The author highlighted that, with the exception of the evocative character, affective quality and order of succession, all the others were established from the variables of the Rorschach. In addition to these variables, the author proposed a clinical analysis based on the archetypal meanings of the stimuli based on thematic interpretations related to the Rorschach boards Crisi, , Recently Crisi and Dentale investigated the categories of evocative character, form quality and affective quality more deeply, finding significant differences in these variables among anxious, psychotic and non-psychiatric groups.

Despite this system having well defined psychometric characteristics, no studies of validity evidence for the technique, its theoretical basis and theoretical validity were found.

WARTEGG TEST - osakeya.info

However, it has been shown to be an important systematization in the search for a reliable coding and interpretation system for the Wartegg Test. Souza, Primi, and Miguel highlighted that, although many interpretations based on the results of the Wartegg Test do not have empirical support, some variables seem to be associated with personality traits and, therefore, they suggest new studies that make their verification and comprehension possible.

Gronnerod and Gronnerod also stated that interpretations made from the results of the Wartegg Test can reach levels comparable with other evaluation methods. Furthermore, the authors pointed out that there is no reason to reject it as a personality assessment method, however, it is necessary to construct a solid system, with studies generating accumulated knowledge for its use.

Test Wartegg.pdf -

They also indicated the need for new research based on the existing studies in order to strengthen the method used. More recently, Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, and Erdberg , proposed the Rorschach Performance Assessment System R-PAS , a coding and interpretation system based on the Comprehensive System directed toward the improvement in the use of some variables due to the large variation in the number of responses.

In addition, the new method sought to simplify the process of applying the technique by limiting the number of responses from 2 to 3 per board, with new groupings of variables based on psychometric evidence, thus seeking greater assertiveness in the interpretations made from the results.

Meyer et al. Viglione, Meyer, Mihura, Erard, and Erdberg added that this update also aims to simplify the learning of the technique by psychologists. In this sense, the main variables maintained the same codes as the Comprehensive System, while others were adapted for the improvement of the system.

In this sense, the present study aimed to investigate different coding systems for the Wartegg Test and to identify similarities among them that could compose a new coding system.

To achieve this objective the research was divided into two studies. The first one aimed to verify which coding variables are the same among five coding systems for the Wartegg Test, namely those of Biedma and D'Afonso , Crisi , Freitas , Kinget and Wartegg , and which are more discriminatory.

The second study aimed to verify which variables of the system employed by the Rorschach R-PAS can be used as criteria for the Wartegg Test. Study 1 Method Materials. The Wartegg test application, correction and interpretation manuals of Biedma and D'Afonso , Crisi , Freitas , Kinget , and Wartegg , and were used as the consultation sources.

In addition to the spontaneity in the projection of their internal contents. At last, very spontaneous projection of their internal contents, with suitable perception of the stimuli as a representation of themselves, in the ego structure, the acceptance of themselves, the maintenance of good contact with their own interiority and with evident interests in the affective relationships, which mostly united them.

These patients presented with a clear consistency of personality with recognition of the limits and needs, which made them search for the solution of their problems, many times regarding the matter of becoming more dependent and adapted to the rules and standards of their groups, with a strong commitment to the ethical values, such as in other cases with getting around the facing of conflicts above their own capacity of overcoming the obstacles, which confirmed the respect and knowledge of their own possibilities.

They also presented with restrict ambitions in the family limits, with tacit acceptance of their role, by remaining within what the reality offers to them.

Such conditions show us they are in line with themselves, without conflicts. At last, no matter what their intellectual capacity or socio-cultural level could be, what told them the most and allowed them to achieve their objectives was the acceptance of their own reality and their own resources, such as the good contact with themselves and the human interests.

The perception expresses how it receives the activated area and the representation demonstrates how it behaves in this situation; each stimulus of the test was prepared considering its Gestalt and shows their own qualities of shape, sizes and placement in space" p.

Jung, as a collective way of life legacy and this may be illustrated by the following data: two decades after the test's verification qualitative correlates were found of expressive-symbolic emphasis apparently similar as for the type of Babylonic, Chinese and ancient Semites ideograms What mostly draws our attention in group 2 is the low or void representation of the affective stimuli, which, by the way, corresponds to the low or void representation of the auditory stimuli.

There is a disharmony of the personality because they do not react according to the situations, with a not much clear viewpoint of themselves. They are people who do not communicate their affection well, with difficulty of contact, without affective involvement, spontaneity and genuine interest in their relationships.

They lose their structure faced with threats and difficulties and do not overcome obstacles.

With difficulty to draw a destination and to take a direction, by blocking growth drives, with regressive or self-aggressive tendencies, with badly worked anxieties and without action impulse.

In spite they have desires and capacity of fulfillment, they many times deny them, which in association with their affective problems keep them from working negative feelings and they get around the facts which prevents them from emotional involvement and let them without vital energy and results in an existential emptiness. Therefore, we could observe a link of the auditory rehabilitation success to the conditions of their own individuality apprehension, the clear recognition of themselves, interests in the human relationships and acceptance of their possibilities, which allows the search for support when necessary, which enables them to face their difficulties and the bearers of failure in auditory rehabilitation represented mainly by a low capacity to have contact with themselves, confirming a lack of proportion between possibilities and desires, due to the self-aggressive and lowly constructive tendencies.

In addition to not being enough conscious of their values, they get away from affective relationships. This work confirmed there are differential personality conditions between the patients with good audiological results and with unsatisfactory audiological results, with a long time auditory testing, that may be identified in the preoperative psychological evaluation.

Such results will provide us with predictive data of the audiological rehabilitation.

The effect of long term deafness on speech recognition postlingually deafned adult Clarion cochlear implant users. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. Likewise, M. Table 1 also shows us the variability of loss acquisition and leads us to observe that the time of incidence of deafness is not a watershed, not even is the time of deprivation, which contradicts the data in researches by GEIER et al.

Another fact that draws our attention is that, in group 2, the only participant with the time of deprivation of 27 years, with deafness when she turned 8 years old, and surgery when aged 35 years, is the one who had the best classification, as we already mentioned, despite she was included in group 2, due to the criterion chosen, and that is close to the result of of the United Kingdom Cochlear Implant Studies Group 6 , that pointed out the risk of weak results being able to be avoided if we took into account the time of hearing deprivation of the ear to be implanted, considering that those who had profound deafness for more than 30 year which is not her case, but only close to it, for she had 27 years of deprivation had weaker results in this study.

Considering YAMADA et al 7 , as well as, in our pilot study, NASRALLA and GOFFI 10 , in whom we detected some favoring psychic matters as for the post cochlear implant audiological result of candidates deemed to be qualified, and who, however, varied, as for the resource benefit, some not responding well to the process and others who in the first day could already hear and were positively emotional, we compared the result in the Wartegg test of our current sample, in which we sought to detect personality traits compatible to the success or failure after the cochlear implant.

By analyzing the personality tests of group 1, we could observe that what told it from group 2 was the clearness they had of themselves, awareness of their own role, a positive self-image, with a good contact with their own reality, as well as an openness to human contacts. The respect to themselves and to their own competences, such as the ability to relate affectively led them to seek protection and help when they felt internally pressed, by heading to their needs.

Being ego above all corporal 16 and deafness in adults thus an attack to the very ego, that causes discomfort and displeasure pointed out by ZENARI et al 8 , giving them the proneness to take this experience as a source of psychic suffering, specially for the feeling of inability to return to the social and professional life, the possibility to rely on a well-structured ego and facility in the affective interchanges, favors the facing of hard situation and the objective action.

Since "the ego has the habit of turning into action the id's will as it were its own will, by restoring the pleasure through the principle of reality and using reason and common sense" p 39 16 and, also according to Freud, "under the influence of the ego's self-preservation instincts, the principle of pleasure is replaced by the principle of reality" 20 17 , we consider that despite the areas relative to the ambition and facing of conflicts were eventually committed, there was the mobilization of effective defenses that allowed them to overcome the disadvantages.

Such possibilities regarded the adaptation to scenarios, for instance, to social rules and concepts in a tough but formal manner that facilitated the acceptance of situations in which their degree of ambition would not allow them to reach; other times covering the difficulties with pleasurable feelings, adorns and aesthetic apparatus aiming at disguising their anxieties and difficulties of dealing and overcoming conflictive situations, able to proceed with intense internal work, what is possible to them by using sensitivity and perspicacity.

Therefore, they are formal people, supported by norms, with good contact with themselves and with others, with empathy and sensitivity, other times by dependence, searching for defense mechanisms, possibilities to deal with conflicting situations and overcome them.

At times we verify religious defenses working in favor of acceptance. In group 1 patients we verify a harmony between the perception and the representation of the affective stimuli, with high power of symbolization. In addition to the spontaneity in the projection of their internal contents.

At last, very spontaneous projection of their internal contents, with suitable perception of the stimuli as a representation of themselves, in the ego structure, the acceptance of themselves, the maintenance of good contact with their own interiority and with evident interests in the affective relationships, which mostly united them.

These patients presented with a clear consistency of personality with recognition of the limits and needs, which made them search for the solution of their problems, many times regarding the matter of becoming more dependent and adapted to the rules and standards of their groups, with a strong commitment to the ethical values, such as in other cases with getting around the facing of conflicts above their own capacity of overcoming the obstacles, which confirmed the respect and knowledge of their own possibilities.

They also presented with restrict ambitions in the family limits, with tacit acceptance of their role, by remaining within what the reality offers to them.

Test Wartegg.pdf -

Such conditions show us they are in line with themselves, without conflicts. At last, no matter what their intellectual capacity or socio-cultural level could be, what told them the most and allowed them to achieve their objectives was the acceptance of their own reality and their own resources, such as the good contact with themselves and the human interests.

The perception expresses how it receives the activated area and the representation demonstrates how it behaves in this situation; each stimulus of the test was prepared considering its Gestalt and shows their own qualities of shape, sizes and placement in space" p.

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