Textile terms and definitions pdf

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Terms and definitions are issued in two stages (1) Tentative, and (2) realize that none can claim to have complete knowledge of all textile terms. The following. Textile also includes non-woven fabrics produced by me- chanically or chemically a Japanese term describing a: fibres from this defInition. dull crepe fabric. Management - Stephanie Hebert, American Textile Museum. Glossary of Textile Terms In modern usage, the term has a wider application. osakeya.infoy. osakeya.info?sequence= 1.

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Textile Terms And Definitions Pdf

A Glossary of Selected Fiber and Textile Terms. A. Abrasion Resistance. The ability of a fiber or fabric to withstand surface wear and rubbing. Air Jet Spinning. Although it covers all types of textile terms broadly, its special emphasis is on The fourth edition, known as the Dictionary of Fiber and Textile Technology, was . as a textile dictionary, but rather as a glossary of textile terms for composites engineering. To realize the complexity involved in textile manufacturing, and thus .

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The worsted variety is used in making military uniforms , suits , great and trench coats.

Textile dictionary pdf download

Its counterpart, silk serge, is used for linings. French serge is a softer, finer variety.

The word is also used for a high quality woolen woven. Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times 30, BC.

Sewing predates the weaving of cloth. This is the oldest use of the term. Shag carpet is sometimes evoked as an example of the aesthetic from the culture of the U.

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Also used to make carpets for mariners. Historically generated from loosely woven materials.

Benjamin Law invented shoddy and mungo, as such, in England in He was the first to organise, on a larger scale, the activity of taking old clothes and grinding them down into a fibrous state that could be re-spun into yarn. The shoddy industry was centred on the towns of Batley , Morley , Dewsbury and Ossett in West Yorkshire , and concentrated on the recovery of wool from rags.

The importance of the industry can be gauged by the fact that even in the town of Batley was producing over 7, tonnes of shoddy.

Benjamin Law invented shoddy and mungo, as such, in England in He was the first to organise, on a larger scale, the activity of taking old clothes and grinding them down into a fibrous state that could be re-spun into yarn. The shoddy industry was centred on the towns of Batley , Morley , Dewsbury and Ossett in West Yorkshire , and concentrated on the recovery of wool from rags.

The importance of the industry can be gauged by the fact that even in the town of Batley was producing over 7, tonnes of shoddy. At the time there were 80 firms employing a total of people sorting the rags.

These were then sold to shoddy manufacturers of which there were about in the West Riding.

Glossary of textile manufacturing

Shoddy is inferior to the original wool. The yarns are dyed first and then woven.

When looking at the fabric from various angles it appears to alter in colour, this is more obvious in lustrous fabrics and more so in certain types of weaves. It is obtained from the cocoon of the silkworm larva , in the process known as sericulture , which kills the larvae.

The shimmering appearance for which it is prized comes from the fiber's triangular prism-like structure, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles.

The term may refer either to the plant or the fiber, depending on context. It is not really a variety of hemp, but named so because hemp was for centuries a major source for fiber, so other fibers were sometimes named after it. It is stronger and more durable than rubber, its major plant competitor.

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