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The shot is playing with the bat coming through straight as for the on drive, but the bat face is angled towards the leg side.
It can be played both off the front foot or the back foot, either off the toes or from the hips. The shot is played between the mid-on and square leg region.
Typically played along the ground, the flick can also be played by lofting the ball over the infield.
Horizontal bat shots[ edit ] The second class of cricket stroke comprises the horizontal bat shots, also known as cross bat shots: the cut, the square drive, the pull, the hook, and the sweep.
Typically, horizontal bat shots have a greater probability of failing to make contact with the ball than vertical bat shots and therefore are restricted to deliveries that are not threatening to hit the stumps, either by dint of being too wide or too short. The bat is swung in a horizontal arc, with the batsman's head typically not being perfectly in line with the ball at the point of contact.
Cut[ edit ] A batsman plays a cut off the back foot. Note the balance and weight of the batsman is on his back right leg. A cut is a cross-batted shot played at a short-pitched ball, placing it wide on the off side.
The batsman makes contact with the ball as it draws alongside or passes him and therefore requires virtually no effort on his part as he uses the bowler's pace to divert the ball.
A square cut is a shot hit into the off side at near to 90 degrees from the wicket towards point. A late cut is played as or after the ball passes the batsman's body and is hit towards the third man. The cut shot is typically played off the back foot but is also sometimes played off the front foot against slower bowling.
The cut should be played with the face of the bat rolling over the ball to face the ground thus pushing the ball downwards. A mistimed cut with an open-faced bat with the face of the bat facing the bowler will generally lead to the ball rising in the air, giving a chance for the batsman to be caught.
Square drive[ edit ] Although confusingly named a drive, the square drive is actually a horizontal bat shot, with identical arm mechanics to that of the square cut. The difference between the cut and the square drive is the height of the ball at contact: the cut is played to a ball bouncing waist high or above with the batsman standing tall, whereas the square drive is played to a wide ball of shin height with the batsman bending his knees and crouching low to make contact.
Pull and hook[ edit ] Ricky Ponting playing a pull shot.
A pull is a cross-batted shot played to a ball bouncing around waist height by swinging the bat in a horizontal arc in front of the body, pulling it around to the leg side towards mid-wicket or square leg.
The term hook shot is used when the shot is played against a ball bouncing at or above chest high to the batsman, the batsman thus "hooking" the ball around behind square leg, either along the ground or in the air. Pull and hook shots can be played off the front or back foot, with the back foot being more typical. Sweep[ edit ] A left-handed batsman plays a sweep shot. A sweep is a cross-batted front foot shot played to a low bouncing ball, usually from a slow bowler , by kneeling on one knee, bringing the head down in line with the ball and swinging the bat around in a horizontal arc near the pitch as the ball arrives, sweeping it around to the leg side, typically towards square leg or fine leg.
A paddle sweep shot is a sweep shot in which the ball is deflected towards fine leg with a stationary or near-stationary bat extended horizontally towards the bowler, whereas the hard sweep shot is played towards square leg with the bat swung firmly in a horizontal arc.
Typically the sweep shot will be played to a legside delivery, but it is also possible for a batsman to sweep the ball to the leg side from outside off stump. Attempting to sweep a full straight delivery on the stumps is generally not recommended because of the risk of lbw. Unorthodox strokeplay[ edit ] Since a batsman is free to play any shot to any type of delivery as he wishes, the above list is by no means a complete list of the strokes that batsmen choose to play.
Many unorthodox, typically high-risk, shots have been used throughout the history of the game. The advent of limited overs cricket has seen the increased use of unorthodox shots to hit the ball into gaps where there are no fielders placed.
Unorthodox shots are rarely used in first-class cricket as the pace of the game is slower and it is relatively more important to keep one's wicket than to try to score runs off every ball.
A few unorthodox shots have gained enough popularity or notoriety to have been given their own names and entered common usage. A reverse sweep is a cross-batted sweep shot played in the opposite direction to the standard sweep, thus instead of sweeping the ball to the leg side, it is swept to the off side, towards a backward point or third man.
The batsman may also swap his hands on the bat handle to make the stroke easier to execute. The batsman may also bring his back foot to the front, therefore, making it more like a traditional sweep. The advantage of a reverse sweep is that it effectively reverses the fielding positions and thus is very difficult to set a field to. It is also a risky shot for the batsman as it increases the chance of lbw and also is quite easy to top edge to a fielder. It was first regularly played in the s by the Pakistani batsman Mushtaq Mohammad , though Mushtaq's brother Hanif Mohammad is sometimes credited as the inventor.
Cricket coach Bob Woolmer has been credited with popularising the stroke. With England on course for victory, Gatting attempted a reverse sweep off the first delivery bowled by Border, top-edged the ball and was caught by wicketkeeper Greg Dyer. England subsequently lost momentum and eventually lost the match.
Because of the unorthodox nature of hand and body position, it is often difficult to get a lot of power behind a reverse sweep; in many situations, the intention is to glance or cut the ball to the back leg area.
However, on rare occasions, players have been able to execute reverse sweeps for a six. Kevin Pietersen , who pioneered switch-hitting, is adept at this, but one could argue[ original research?
A more classic example of such a shot would be Yusuf Pathan 's six off Robin Peterson.
South Africa's AB de Villiers is well known for his ability to hit sixes with the reverse sweep at ease and Glenn Maxwell also often plays the reverse sweep. Slog and slog sweep[ edit ] A slog is a powerful pull shot played over mid-wicket, usually, hit in the air in an attempt to score a six. A shot would be referred to as a slog when it is typically played at a delivery that would not ordinarily be pulled.
A slog can also be described as hitting the ball to " cow corner ". This phrase is designed to imply that the batsman is unsophisticated in his strokeplay and technique by suggesting he would be more at home playing on more rudimentary cricket fields in which there may be cows grazing along the boundary edge. The slog can be an effective shot because all the batsman's power and body weight can be put into swinging the bat at the ball. A slog sweep is a slog played from the kneeling position used to sweep.
Slog sweeps are usually directed over square-leg rather than to mid-wicket. It is almost exclusively used against reasonably full-pitched balls from slow bowlers, as only then does the batsman have time to sight the length and adopt the kneeling position required for the slog sweep.
The front leg of the shot is usually placed wider outside leg stump to allow for a full swing of the bat. Upper cut[ edit ] An upper cut is a shot played towards third man, usually hit when the ball is pitched outside the off stump with an extra bounce. It is a dangerous shot which can edge the ball to keeper or slips if not executed correctly.
The shot is widely used in modern cricket. The shot is advantageous in fast bouncy tracks and is seen commonly in Twenty20 cricket. Main article: Switch hit A switch hit is a shot where a batsman changes his handedness and posture to adopt a stance the mirror image of his traditional handedness while the bowler is running in to bowl.
As a fielding team cannot maneuver fielders while the bowler is in his run-up, the fielding side is effectively wrong-footed with the fielders out of position. The shot was pioneered by Kevin Pietersen , first performed off the bowling of Muttiah Muralitharan in England's home series against Sri Lanka.
It was subsequently used in the New Zealand series in England in when Pietersen performed the shot twice in the same over against Scott Styris on his way to making an unbeaten century. David Warner , the Australian opening batsman, is also a frequent user of the switch hit and used it to great effect against the Indian off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin in the first Twenty20 of the Indian cricket team's tour to Australia He is also possible to bat right-handed due to his experience in doing so in youth cricket.
The legality of the switch hit was questioned when first introduced but cleared by the International Cricket Council as legal.
The shot is risky because a batsman is less proficient in the other handedness and is more likely to make a mistake in the execution of his shot. Main articles: Paddle scoop and Dilscoop A scoop shot also known as a ramp shot, paddle scoop, Marillier shot or Dilscoop has been used by a number of first-class batsmen, the first being Dougie Marillier.
It is played to short-pitched straight balls that would traditionally be defended or, more aggressively, pulled to the leg side. To play a scoop shot, the batsman is on the front foot and aims to get beneath the bounce of the ball and hit it directly behind the stumps, up and over the wicket-keeper.
This shot, though risky in the execution, has the advantage of being aimed at a section of the field where a fielder is rarely placed — particularly in Twenty20 and One Day International cricket where the number of outfielders is limited. However, the Marillier shot is played over the batsman's shoulder to fine leg, but the basis of the scoop stroke is for the batsman to go down on one knee to a good length or slightly short-of-length delivery off a fast or medium paced bowler and scoop the ball over the head of the wicket-keeper.
The scoop shot is a risky shot to play as the improper execution of this shot may lead to a catch being offered. Main article: Helicopter shot The helicopter shot in cricket is the act of flicking the bat toward the leg side when facing a yorker or a fuller-length delivery and finishing the stroke with a flourish by twisting the bat in an overhead circle.
This shot, which requires excellent timing and wrist-work, is considered a new innovation in cricket and is seen as an unconventional form of batsmanship. Traditionally, faster bowlers have used yorker-length deliveries toward the end of limited-overs matches because it is difficult to hit such balls to the boundary. The helicopter shot is one answer to this tactic.
But the shot was popularised by MS Dhoni. It was fellow player Santosh Lal, a childhood friend of Dhoni's, who taught him how to play the shot  [ circular reference ].
Strategy of batting[ edit ] The fundamental aim of each batsman is to find a means of safely scoring runs against each bowler he faces. To do this, the batsman must take into consideration the bowler's strategy, the position of the fielders, the pitch conditions, and his own strengths and weaknesses. The strategy he will decide on will incorporate a number of preconceived attacking responses to the various deliveries he may anticipate receiving, designed specifically to score runs with minimal risk of being dismissed.
The success of this strategy will be dependent upon both the accuracy of its conception and the technical ability with which it is carried out. A key aspect of the strategy of batting is the trade-off between the level of aggression trying to score and the risk involved of being dismissed.
An optimal batting strategy balances several considerations: the number of wickets left, the target run rate and how the risk of losing a wicket increase when increasing the strike rate. As such, strategies vary between the three forms of international cricket, T20 , Test cricket and One Day International cricket. One-Day International cricket[ edit ] As One Day International matches have a limited set of overs , batsmen try to score quickly.
Doing so, batsmen should aim for a higher run rate than the one which would maximize their expected personal score. It is optimal for batsmen to take the risk of being dismissed and being replaced by another teammate.
This higher risk strategy makes the best of the limited number of overs. Most batsmen manage to score at an average of four runs an over i.
The optimal level of risk should vary depending on different factors. It should be higher when the pitch provides good conditions for batting, making it easier to score without great risk of being dismissed.
It should increase towards the end of the innings when the number of overs left is small there is not much to lose in taking the risk of ending all out. Research has shown that teams broadly follow these principles. A noticeable exception is when batsmen face the possibility to score a personal milestone e. When a team goes out to bat, the best players bat first. The first three batsmen number 1, 2, 3 are known as the top order; the next four numbers 4, 5, 6 and possibly 7 form the middle order, and the last four numbers 8, 9, 10 and 11 are the lower order or tail.
The specialist batsmen of a team usually bat near the top of the order, so as to score more runs. The openers or opening batsmen are the first two batsmen to take the crease. They are not necessarily the best batsmen, but are expected to negotiate the new ball and not lose wickets until the shine on the ball is considerably diminished a hard and shiny ball bounces and swings more and is more difficult for the batsmen to face.
In addition, they are supposed to play quick innings more runs in fewer balls , reflecting the fact that the fielding side is subject to restrictions on the placement of fielders in the first 15 overs which makes it easier to score runs.
In a recent amendment  to the rules of ODI cricket, fielding captains are given mandatory fielding restrictions for the first 10 overs and then two chunks of 5 overs each, also known as power-play overs, which they may impose at any stage of their choice within the stipulated 50 overs.
Following the openers is the No. His job is to take over from the openers and typically play a careful and prolonged inning, effectively tying up one end of the batting. Frustrating, because you can, after standing in the hot sun fielding all day, be bowled first ball for a golden duck. So, how can YOU get more rewarding days? More days when see the ball well and pierce the off-side with pinpoint cover drives, clip the ball elegantly through the leg-side or brutally take on the spinner with slog-sweeps into row Why do some batsman score so many runs while you try everything you can and still not feel satisfied with the amount of runs you score in a season?
How much is this worth to you? What is the value of having all the knowledge of how to stroke beautiful on-drives and how to use the correct techniques to be able to concentrate for every ball for a long game?
What is it worth to know cricket batting tips and techniques that no other batsman in your club or league knows? Middle Order batsmen traditionally are the number 6 and number 7 batsmen and in most cases it is the team all-rounders and wickets keepers occupying these roles. The bottom hand will grab hold of the bat in the region of the bottom of the handle. There have always been mixed opinions with regards to the way batsmen should approach playing spin.
All batsmen practice! Certainly, the most common answer would be to improve my game. That is correct, but only touches the base of the answer. Practice batting at the end of an innings when fatigue sets in. This is often overlooked and gives accurate look at how the batsman might perform in the last overs of a match or after three hours of batting. Stamina is the mechanism that enables the body to sustain long sessions of stressful physical activity. This is typical duck in the pond scenario.
Not so simple. I started at the bottom having never played any major school or University cricket. I started playing for the University lowest team. Through hard work and determination over the years, I managed to become the most consistent opening batsman in my province and eventually received my First Class honours.
Now, I have taken the time to use what I have learnt and share it with you. Even though the odds might seem against you, you can rise above the rest using batting basics and hard work.
Cricket is bigger than a game. I am an ever-learning student of the game!