SCM Business Processes in. Manufacturing (SAP ERP).. COURSE OUTLINE. Course Version: Course Duration: 3 Day(s). SAPSCM - mySAP Supply Chain Management osakeya.info SAPSCM - SAP Planning and Detailed osakeya.info SCM - Production osakeya.info SAP AG. SCM Appendix: mySAP Business Suite and Production. Contents: mySAP Business Suite: Solutions, Key Areas, Components Key Areas in the.
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SAP Supply Chain Management is one of the key modules in SAP ERP and controls This tutorial is meant for Project leaders, project team members, SAP. SAPSCM (SAP SCM Solution Overview) SAP ECC Enhancement Package 6 Basic Processes & Foundation. Exam.: Sample Questions.: PDF Link. Shaun Snapp Discover SAP SCM ® Bonn Boston osakeya.info 3 11/ 3/09 PM Recovering Failed SAP SCM Implementations.
Implementing and maintaining optimization methods requires much effort and long-term investment. Secondly, optimization requires a great deal of discipline and knowledge on the part of the implement- ing company. Many companies want the benefit of advanced plan- ning but are not culturally, financially, or skills-wise prepared to make the sacrifices required to get the outcomes they desire.
More often than not, companies want simple solutions that deliver value quickly. And this is partly because the software has historically been designed to be more com- plex than is necessary Figure 1. As with other planning software, the best successes typically come from companies that are already good at planning.
Part of this is content knowledge of planning, but another component is open mindedness to new approaches. Focused on Transaction processing systems such as SAP improvement ERP are a necessity, but a business can still run without a planning system. Some applications request the estimation of a cost of a lost sale, so those successful with SAP SCM are effective at asking these questions and getting answers.
However, more generally, SAP SCM is most beneficial to companies that are dedicated to improving their planning processes and that already have good planning processes to begin with. Being effective at planning helps the company know how to design the system and also allows the company to better le- verage what it ends up implementing. Cross Application Components As mentioned earlier, this book is broken into a format of one chap- ter per application.
However, there are some important concepts and components that cut across the applications, so even though all of the components will be addressed in the same form in individual chap- ters, they may also be covered in other chapters. The product master contains the information and attributes that relate to the product across all locations.
Data elements such as the product number, the material group, and the gross weight and volume are all attributes of the product master. The product mas- ter is set up once per product. The location master deals with the attributes of the location. The product location master is essentially the product master with added fields and added tabs to hold these fields that modify the product per location. This not only holds true for safety stock but also for many other attributes that only come into play at the product location master.
Planning Areas and Planning Object Structures Planning areas are Planning areas and planning object structures are important cross ap- containers for plication items. They have a central administration that al- lows the areas and structures to be copied, maintained, and deleted. A planning area is a container for key figures.
Planning areas feed an interface object called a planning book, which is a spreadsheet view with a number of aggregation and macro capabilities. At the most basic level, key figures are the numerical values in the spreadsheet. Planning Object Structure Just as a planning area is a container for key figures, a planning object structure POS is a container for characteristics.
The combination of characteristics is called characteristic value combinations CVCs. The POS stores every unique combination of CVCs, which is then used to help control disaggregation when data is manipulated at summary levels. In the previous analogy, we stated that key figures are the nu- merical values in the planning book spreadsheet.
Characteristics are like the textural column and row headings, with the time characteris- tic on the horizontal axis, and the product characteristics on the verti- cal axis. A Planning versions model with the same supply network can have slight alterations in are variations of the planning models terms of control fields on, say, the product location master, making the version create different planning results than a different version of the same model that has the original product location master set- tings.
Multiple versions can be kept over time and run to see how the results change. Because only the active version planning results are communicated back to SAP ERP, multiple versions can be run in per- petuity along with a live active version, without ever impacting the active version.
If the changes are deemed desirable, then the settings from the inactive version can be migrated over to the active version.
This allows the person performing the configuration to make wholesale changes in the mas- ter data; however, this transaction should not be used on the active version. Instead, by using the simulation planning version and then mass maintenance to make changes, the changes can be fully tested before mass maintenance to make the tested changes on the active version. Planning books consist of the fol- lowing areas: Planning books allow you to com- bine characteristics and key figures in a flexible way for presentation to the planners.
Creating the planning books is a significant part of the implementa- tion because there are many different combinations of planning books that can be created. Here are some of the important characteristics of planning books: The results of the macro calculation are displayed through extra rows in the planning book.
Roles in Production Production planner plant manager. The roles shown on this slide are just a few of the roles required to manage shop floor control. In addition. Access is possible everywhere and anytime. It makes information and applications available per mouse-click over an interface that is easy to understand. Based on his or her daily tasks. Single point-of-access: A web browser allows for central access to different applications.
Openness and flexibility Personalized and role-based. Material requirements planning can be executed in both systems. Supply Chain Planning: It makes sense to use both systems together for planning. Flexible planning R3. Production takes place based on planned orders. Demand planning uses past sales quantities to calculate the future demand program.
Core Interface. Production order. Replenishment order. Procurement order. Summary Contents: PI sheets. You can easily find this information in SAPNet. Information on the Internet 2 Software partners http: Kanban Contents: Kanban principle Mapping the principle to the system Supply areas Production supply using control cycles Procurement triggering Goods receipt Special type: Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit.
For this reason. You organize replenishment via stock transfers. Each contains the quantity of material that work center personnel need for a certain period of time. It remains there. The supply source for the required material can be another place in the production. That is. As soon as a container is emptied at the demand source.
This self-management process and the fact that replenishment elements are created close to the time they are actually consumed means that stocks are reduced and lead times shortened replenishment is only triggered when a material is actually required and not before. The aim is for the replenishment process to be controlled from production itself.
The demand source can use material from other containers until the actual container returns to full. Setting to Empty triggers procurement in the system Setting to Full posts the goods receipt in the system Master data in the control cycle guarantees self-management of the production process JIT call. The unloading point defines where the supplier has to deliver the material for example.
From here. A supply area can be used by one or more work centers. When creating a control cycle. Delivery address: You can maintain an address in the supply area. Master Data: Another significant organizational prerequisite is that you create a person responsible per supply area.
Which supply areas are necessary? The supply areas act as a buffer for the necessary materials for example. If in in-house production. Unloading point: Often in external procurement. If a responsible person is assigned to a supply area. In the definition. It is printed on the kanban card or even transferred to the summarized JIT call. Inventory management which is relevant. You lock a kanban.
Kanban Control Cycle Demand source Supply source Supply area Delivery Control cycle Person responsible Vendor Issuing plant Warehouse Requirement The control cycle contains the data required for replenishing a material at a supply area for example.
The pallet position can also be printed on the kanban. Printing parameters for printing the kanban The pallet position: More precise specification of the material's position for example. The control cycle defines: The demand source supply area The replenishment strategy for example. You can print this data on a kanban.
Parameters for the automatic kanban calculation You can also delete or lock kanbans in the control cycle. Emptying a kanban does not lead to a goods issue posting! If the demand source sets the status to Empty. You can set the status to Empty by scanning a bar code on the kanban card. To do this. You can also set the status to Empty using transaction Manual Kanban Signal or in the kanban board.
Empty and Full are used. You can set the status to Full by scanning a bar code on the kanban card.
You can also set the status to Full using transaction Manual Kanban Signal or in the kanban board. The material is not continually provided and replenished at a supply area. Replenishment is carried out. It is only replenished when specifically requested.
When you set the kanban to Empty for example. This procedure is especially useful if. A new kanban is not created again until you retrigger the kanban signal using the Event-Driven Kanban function. The quantity or the number of kanbans depends on the required quantity and the specifications in the control cycle.
The kanban is set to Full and. A replenishment element is created for each kanban created depending on the strategy. Delivery directly to demand source.
Short-term replenishment control. BOM explosion. Centralized planning and control. Planning instrument. Simple method of organization. This saves the organizational effort required to stage the material. Centralized stock responsibility. Push principle. Manual posting effort is kept to a minimum. The material is available directly on the shop floor. Decentralized stock and procurement responsibility. The production quantities correspond to actual requirements.
Summary The kanban procedure enables material staging in production without external control effort. Material supply sources can be embedded in the self regulatingkanban control cycle.
Repetitive Manufacturing Contents: Repetitive Manufacturing: You belong to the team that is implementing repetitive manufacturing for quantity-based and period-based production during the mySAP SCM implementation.
These functions are integrated with other areas in your company. Important stages of repetitive manufacturing are the dispatching of quantities at the production lines. The production is quantity-based and period-based. Before implementation. Main Business Scenario Your company produces products in large numbers. Period-Based Repetitive Manufacturing: Characteristics 1 Repetitive Manufacturing Order type: Characteristics 2 Basic Functions of Repetitive Manufacturing Scheduling Calculation and monitoring of capacity requirements Costing Availability checks Printing of dispatch list and operational method sheet Material staging without reservations!
Goods issue: WIP determination. The course SCM covers a selection of the most important of these functions in detail. Beside make-to-stock production. With regard to configurable materials. The modelling of takts along with the sequence planning it involves is represented by a separate function: This enables. To determine work in progress or to post component withdrawals timelier. They only obtain the new order type run schedule quantity RSQ when the production version is assigned.
Typical features are. Production lines that have more than one work center can be represented in a line hierarchy. The production line created as the work center is entered in the production version in the Production line field.
The production quantities are scheduled according to the production rate. This means you can use all the various production versions of this material for repetitive manufacturing that is. The routing therefore provides the basis for lead time scheduling. You can. This same work center is specified in the single operation of the routing.
In the work center. In repetitive manufacturing. In the single operation. The BOM defines the planned material consumption for the components. It defines how many materials per time unit can be produced on this production line. The total production rate of the line is specified in this operation. Rate routings are specially designed for the needs of repetitive manufacturers and can be used instead of standard routings for organizational purposes.
In plant PCs and PC assemblies are produced. The most important material numbers used for the demo and exercises in the training system are: Demo Scenario: The worker gets the information he or she needs from the operational method sheet description of the operation if necessary and from the dispatch list materials.
The main aspects are the planning of line loading and the usually simultaneous capacity monitoring. After order processing. During production. This means both the goods receipt as well as the component backflush is posted. Costs are settled by means of a product cost colletor. Between the two SAP components. These functions include costing. Only their status changes when they are assigned to the production line. Other functions scheduling. Production preparation. What distinguishes repetitive manufacturing is that planned orders with order type RSQ run schedule quantity are used for production.
Stock transport requisitions distribution. The quantities produced cannot be swapped between the individual sales orders. Sales orders are filled from warehouse stock. This means you produce products with direct reference to the sales orders. Sales orders are filled from sales order stock.
This means you produce products with no direct reference to sales orders. The produced quantities are stored specifically for the individual sales order sales order stock and not in the anonymous warehouse stock. You use the strategy group in the material master record to control whether you want to use make-to-stock or make-to-order repetitive manufacturing.
A planned order is created with direct reference to the sales order. Products pass through production in a relatively steady flow. The same product is produced repeatedly over a substantial period of time. The products are stored in the sales order stock. Sales orders can be processed separately. If you use variant configuration. Depending on your planning strategy. Production is therefore controlled using sales orders. Make-to-order production sales order-based production: The product is not produced in lots.
The planned independent requirements from demand management are used as the basis for planning. As opposed to the other methods. Quota arrangement: Alternative selection: Planning Line Loading: Overview PlOrd. If only one valid production version. If several production lines are available but one is preferred for example.
To do so. Since this reduces your freedom when planning the line loading. Planned orders are then automatically assigned to this line. We recommend using quota arrangements only for rough-cut planning with additional postprocessing in the planning table. Planned order assignment using.. If several lines are available. You can choose any planning period shift. If this was already done in MRP.
Since planning in repetitive manufacturing is carried out in a quantity. By means of the repetitive manufacturing profile. Capacity utilization He or she can determine the capacity utilization of the production line as well as the availability situation of the products. He or she can check the production quantities.
Changes you make in the planning table are not written to the database unless you save them. Planned orders that are assigned manually to a line obtain order type PE run schedule quantity and are usually fixed. In the assignment mode. In an illustration of the APO product planning table. Both pick part processing and crate part processing can be used when the typical repetitive manufacturing functions for example. Material Staging Options Pull list: Here the required quantity is calculated from the target quantity of the components of the selected orders that have been released.
Since pick part processing is order-based. Release order parts are ordered manually. By posting the goods receipt for the finished products during backflushing a number of different actions are performed by default controlled by the repetitive manufacturing profile: In this case. Reporting Point Backflush Example: During final confirmation. The above example contains the three reporting points connected with operations 10 work center Depending on the application. In addition to having activated reporting point backflush in the repetitive manufacturing profile.
If there are long lead times. A long production line with longer lead time exists. COPD Change planned order data e. BFPL Backflush planned order. This is used to transfer progress at the assembly line and other dependent actions to the SAP System using a standard interface or an adjusted interface. Action Control Example: Printing the component list for configurable material Action control Printing component list for planned order Components available?
FIKM Firm planned order components. Executing actions: To execute actions. PRNT Print component list.
Execution of custer-defined actions. RSMA Reset material availability check. To print the planned order component list. You can use this function to execute one or more actions for a series of planned order simultaneously.
DLPL Delete planned order. Without this function. The following standard functions are available: SCHE Scheduling planned orders. FIRM Firm planned order header. ZZXX Customer action. The aim of settlement is to completely credit the product cost collector.. When executing confirmations in repetitive manufacturing.
There is a separate transaction in the Repetitive Manufacturing menu for this. It is possible that components different to those planned are used in production or that the overhead cost rates change. Overheads are not determined with reference to an operation that is.. Instead they are determined periodically during period-end closing in Controlling by way of an overhead structure and are posted to the product cost collector.
This results in variances in the product cost collector and settlement must be executed. During settlement. The product cost collector is debited with the material costs and production activities in the repetitive manufacturing profile. Debiting the product cost collector with the material costs.
Besides the material cost estimate. Integration with Controlling Prerequisites for cost settlement: Creating a product cost collector either per material or also per production version The posting of production activities must have been defined accordingly in the REM profile. Evaluations based on orders are not supported since the processing is not order-related. Beside the analyses via CO reports.
The production is carried out without orders. The period quantities are planned as run schedule quantities and assigned to the production lines. Summary The Repetitive Manufacturing application can be used for period-based and quantity-based production control. In particular. You therefore first try to get a general overview of the basic master data for repetitive manufacturing.
Exercises Unit: Repetitive Manufacturing Topic: Master Data At the conclusion of these exercises. Use the change mode transaction MM Name three material master settings that are specific to repetitive manufacturing: Check the consistency of the combination of BOM and routing by choosing Check. MRP4 view. How many assemblies are on the hierarchy level directly below the finished product?
Which work center belongs to group counter 2? What is special about the routing? How many product cost collectors exist and how are they assigned? Give reasons. You find the group counter number in the rate routing header data.
To achieve shorter delivery times. MRP3 view: Check the settings in the material master. This means that the last step of final assembly is made only after a corresponding sales order was received. Menu path: The quantity with period indicator W is to be distributed over the individual working days. Confirm warning messages that may be displayed and save your planned independent requirements. In the next screen. The planned quantity should be pieces. Now act as if you were the sales employee and create the following sales order for the finished product T-F Lines tab.
Multi-Level Use the following settings: Material Plant Further settings T-F10 2. Multi-level planning ensures that secondary requirements are also created for lower BOM hierarchy levels. Create a planned independent requirement with a requirements date for the next week enter the calendar week in the format week.
Why are there no pushbuttons to convert the planned order to a production order? Assign the quantity not yet assigned to the final assembly line. After the MRP and production planning in the previous exercise. As the production planner. Familiarize yourself with the period-based display of quantity and capacity data in the planning table.
You cannot yet assign the planned orders for the planned quantities. Then choose Planning table. Call up the planning table. In this strategy. The reason for this is the planning strategy Planning without final assembly used. Fields that are ready for input are shown in white. Which order type is assigned F4 help?
Exercises Unit Repetitive Manufacturing Topic: The production quantities either originate from MRP or they were created manually and assigned to the production lines in the planning table.
You have manually created a planned order that can be used for production in this form. Double-check this in the planned order details. Create a planned order manually in the planning table. Enter a quantity of pieces on line T-L3 and choose Enter to confirm. Which order type is now assigned F4 help? Does the production line reach full capacity through the planned order in the relevant time interval or is there still available capacity for further orders in the same period?
Since there is only one production line for final assembly and one for assembly production. Why does the quantity that was already available at the beginning plant stock reduce the oldest planned order?
SCM After a production section has been completed. Material Staging and Backflush At the conclusion of these exercises. Staging is performed for line T-L3 in plant for all requirements that are received until Tuesday in two weeks. Make the following global settings: Dialog control tab: Perform component staging at assembly production line T-L3.
In this example. Some steps in the pull list can be carried out automatically. Trigger material staging for the relevant components from warehouse to production storage location PL03 by choosing Stage. You can find it in the Backflush menu for repetitive manufacturing. Interpret the results of the automated steps: For which materials have planned requirements caused missing parts until Tuesday in two weeks and how big are they? Then choose Post with correction. If you need a printout of the list for the physical stock transfer.
Material staging here by means of stock transfer is not carried out until you save the pull list. To correct this. On the next screen. How have the planned quantities changed? On the following screen.
Choose Enter to confirm and save. The Repetitive Manufacturing menu is in the Production folder. SAP Easy Access screen: Logistics master data: The three settings are: The consistency check has the following results: BOM and routing exist.
There are no error messages. Exit the screen by choosing Cancel. The group counter is also displayed on the production version detail screen. You can find it under Planning data in the Rate-based planning line. What is special is the fact that there is only one operation that contains the entire line T-L1 as the work center and the production rate 30 pieces per hour. In the routing overview, select the line with group counter 2 and choose Operations.
The work center used in the second routing is T-L2. The group counter is the same as that in exercise Select material T-F10 in the left part of the screen. Two product cost collectors already exist. They are assigned to the material by means of the production version one product cost collector per production version.
Solutions Unit: It has been set. Has the Release indicator been set? No solution required. The plant stock as well as an individual customer segment for the sales order and a planning segment are displayed. There are planned orders for the planned independent requirements in the planning section.
One planned independent requirement has been partly consumed by the sales order and results in a planned order in the individual customer segment due to the MRP run. The plant stock and the sales order stock must never be consumed by each other. Maketo-order production always involves separate, sales order-specific inventory management. Assembly T-B10 is produced in a make-to-stock strategy, which is why the plant stock is considered in the consumption. The secondary requirements that were created due to the planned independent requirements as well as the relevant planned orders are displayed.
Materials T-B10 and T-F10 are pure repetitive manufacturing materials Repetitive Manufacturing indicator is set in the material master. The planned orders can be used for production and can therefore not be converted to production orders. The planned order has order type KD Individual customer order. Read the quantity in the Not yet assigned section and enter it in the field on the production line that belongs to the same period.
This means. Deactivate the assignment mode again by choosing the corresponding pushbutton. A symbol appears at the start of the line. The planned order has order type PE Run schedule quantity.
The capacity data is not available on the same day as the production quantities since the quantities are determined to the day according to availability while the capacity load of the production line is determined to the hour and minute according to the production date. Read the quantities in the Not yet assigned section and enter them in the field on the production line that belongs to the same period. The T-B10 which does not belong to any sales order is on stock.
Switch on the assignment mode for the quantities not yet assigned in the planning table section that is ready for input by selecting the Not yet assigned line and then choosing the pushbutton showing a truck. Switch off the assignment mode again and save. The stock transfer was successfully posted in the system. The pull list shows how big the missing quantity is.
Production line T-L3 Choose Global settings. The system automatically created a replenishment proposal and determined stock for component T-T6 in storage location On the Dialog control tab.
Choose Post with correction. The system determined the materials to be backflushed in the BOM explosion. The all or nothing principle applies. In the new session. The oldest planned order quantity or quantities are reduced according to the backflush quantity. Backflush type Backflush qty Material Plant Prod.
For demonstration purposes. Project-Oriented Production Contents: Application areas of project-oriented production Project-oriented production: Project-Oriented Production: Important stages of project-oriented production are the creation and costing of a production lot.
You belong to the team that is implementing the prerequisites of project-oriented production as part of the implementation of mySAP. For the implementation. Main Business Scenario Your company produces products of some kind in projectoriented production. This will allow your company to organize. You can use all production types explained in the previous units to carry out the production.
The pre-assembly and final assembly as well as the assembly production is carried out as make-to-order production. Production orders are used to carry out the production. The most important data in the training system is: The individual parts for assembly production are transferred via picking or the pull list from the material warehouse to production.. Due to long lead times and the fact that sales orders come in late. Production lot costing can be carried out with a specific quantity structure BOM.
In demand management. When sales orders are received. The orders are assigned to the production lot WBS element and can thus be evaluated in the project information system. For the WBS element. The result can be activated as a specific material price CO-PC. The production orders are produced. In project definition. Process 2 PS Acc. MRP creates individual planning segments per production lot. You copy existing material BOMs and routings and continuously adjust them to the customer's requirements.
With this production type. This master data can be provided with reference to the production lot the same applies to sales order BOMs and routings. In this way. They must be entered as planned independent requirements. Incoming sales orders often already notified during production planning must be assigned to the production lots that are being produced. Usually production orders are used for order execution. The goods from production are delivered to a project stock from which the delivery to the customer must take place.
The production lot WBS element creates the link between the project and sales and distribution. In project-oriented production. In a special selection procedure. Using transaction CA01 Create Routing. Production lot-specific BOMs and routings are automatically transferred to production orders with reference to the account assignment production lot. Production lot costing can be activated. You can explicitly proceed this way. Sales document type Item category.
The main strategy of the strategy group determines the default requirements type for sales orders and for planned independent requirements. Reqmts Cust.
This is a prerequisite for finding the correct requirements type in planned independent requirements management and in sales order management.. Requirements classes are assigned to requirements types. If there is no entry for the strategy group in the material master.
In the IMG. Complete report of values on all production levels unlike non-valuated stock where values from different levels are mixed and displayed as costs for the WBS element. For the project stock. Valuated Project Stock: All planned costs. WIP is created for the orders as it is for collective stock and does not need to be calculated by results analysis as it needs to be for non-valuated stock.
In the example. Only the goods receipt for the download order creates an FI document that is assigned to the WBS element. WIP stocks must be created by results analysis and its settlement.
Non-valuated project stock means that quantity flows and value flows are separated. In networks or production orders. Goods issues. Non-Valuated Project Stock: Incomplete costs at orders! No FI documents!! The material movements are usually non-valuated.
Procurement for these materials for example. Collective Stock: Every quantity posting for example. Only the reservation and the later goods issue of assembly T-POP to the network is displayed. The production order for producing T-POP and its costs are not shown in the project information system. Systems marked with 1 are profile-controlled. You set up the profile in Customizing for the relevant application shop floor control.
Information Systems Basis 1 Order information system Multi-level order overviews for projects and sales orders Orders 1 1 Project and order structure Missing parts. They differ in the way they use the order database directly or indirectly as well as in their results.
Using production lots in make-to-order production enables the planning and pre-production of individual parts.
Summary Project-oriented production is a form of production planning and shop floor control that has particular advantages for make-to-order production with long lead times.
Its main characteristic is the use of production lots WBS elements as account assignment objects for production planning. At the conclusion of this unit, you will be able to: Explain the characteristics of order-controlled production with process orders Describe the individual steps in process order management Describe the concept of process management and use a PI sheet to execute a process order Explain the special functions for process order management in the pharmaceutical area.
Your company is a process manufacturing company. You produce order-related products. You are on the project team for implementing shop floor control functions based on process orders. Important steps in process order management are order creation, batch determination, scheduling, availability check, release, transfer of control recipes to process control, material withdrawal, confirmations, material delivery, and settlement. To link the process control level with process control systems and PI sheets, you must set up the process management functions.
For the production of pharmaceutical products, you require the following functions: Production Production according according to to customer's customer's reqmts reqmts. Process orders are used in different areas of the process manufacturing industry. Process orders can be used for various production procedures and identified, for example, according to the criteria product complexity and product stability.
Process Order-Controlled Production: Characteristics 1 Order-Related Production Order type: Process order order type '40' Production in charge quantities per order. Characteristics 2 Basic Functions of Process Orders Status management Production with production versions Scheduling Calculating capacity requirements Costing Batch number assignment Manufacture of co-products Availability checks Material quantity calculation Active ingredient management Batch determination Resource network Resource selection Generating control recipes for process control level Material staging with reservations Confirmation of quantities.
Process order management controls the whole process of the in-house production of products. Process order execution is integrated with the functions of capacity requirements planning. Material BOMs describe the structure of products that are produced in a company. In general. With regard to the production process. This quantity. The batches of one material are managed separately in stock. They are usually created and maintained from the master recipe integrated maintenance.
The master data of the master recipe describes the production of one or more materials in one production run without relating to a particular order. A production version determines which alternative BOM in combination with which master recipe is used for process order manufacturing.
SAP defines a material as a substance or commodity that is bought or sold on a commercial basis.. The material is the central master record in logistics. It contains information that is used in the same manner over and over again. The master data for resources describes the means of production in the production process.
A batch is a uniquely identifiable partial quantity of a material. Material and Batch Batch Partial quantity of a material that is managed separately from other quantities of the same material in stock. In contrast. A batch master record is usually created by the system in the background for certain business operations such as goods receipt. Users can also create batch master records directly in master data maintenance.
Batches are created for a material. The characteristic batch specifications are assigned using characteristics from the classification system in the material master and are inherited by the corresponding batch master records. A quantity of a material produced during a specific production run.